Europe / Muslims in Media Statistics / UK

50% of British Muslims surveyed refuse to report terrorism, 44% want forced dress code for women

Clearly the survey was poorly structured and assumed British Muslims interpret the words terrorism, patriotism and condemnation in the same manner as a native British person would. The survey failed to first assess their view on these words.

The survey profess that 90% of Muslims ‘condemn’ terrorism while other parts of the survey reveal that Muslims reject the idea of extremist thoughts, and will not report suspected terrorism and refuse to acknowledge that a terrorist act against non-Muslims in America on 9/11 was terrorism.

It’s a well known fact that Jihad in the Muslim world is viewed as an act of heroism, while in the West it is an act of militant violence. The neglect to structure the survey to reflect this cultural attitude, creates a polarity from the Muslims surveyed.

Muslims are more engaged in politics according to the survey, which is worrying coming from a community that refuses to acknowledge or report violent Jihad as terrorism and which feeds on conspiracy theories.

The response that muslims are ‘loyal and patriotic’ to Britain is also questionable. Muslims do not celebrate traditional activities deeply associated to British culture such as Lent (‘Pancake day’), Valentine’s day, Mother’s day, St George’s Day, Halloween, the Queens Birthday, Remembrance Day in honouring the armed forces, or Christmas. Selecting to be completely separated from the major British traditions shows a refusal to integrate. Then how are they loyal or patriotic?

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Only one in 25 British Muslims believe Al Qaeda carried out 9/11 terror attack and believe ‘wild and outlandish conspiracy theories’ – but 93 per cent say they love the UK

  • Think tank says it is deeply troubling that many entertain ‘wild and outlandish conspiracy theories’
  • The survey of 3,000 Muslims found 96 per cent did not believe Osama Bin Laden’s group carried out the atrocity
  • Seven per cent said it was a Jewish conspiracy, according to Policy Exchange
  • Half said they would not report it to police if someone they knew was supporting terrorism in Syria 

By Ian Drury Home Affairs Editor For The Daily Mail
Published: 00:01, 2 December 2016 |

Only one in 25 British Muslims believe Al Qaeda was responsible for the September 11 attacks on the US, a poll has found.

The research said it was ‘deeply troubling’ that so many were willing to ‘entertain wild and outlandish conspiracy theories’.

A survey of more than 3,000 Muslims found 96 per cent did not believe Osama Bin Laden’s terror group carried out the atrocity. Some 31 per cent thought the American government was behind the strikes on the World Trade Centre and Pentagon, which claimed almost 3,000 lives. Another 7 per cent said it was a Jewish plot, while 58 per cent did not know.

A survey of more than 3,000 Muslims found 96 per cent did not believe Osama Bin Laden’s terror group carried out the atrocity

19 thoughts on “50% of British Muslims surveyed refuse to report terrorism, 44% want forced dress code for women

  1. Strange that most UK Muslims, and likely many others world wide, are pretending that 9-11 was not a crime that involved Bin Laden, whatever happened to the idea that those who attacked are ‘heroes’ according to a deeply warped perspective that continues to paint America as ‘the devil’. Even for those too dense to see that it is Muslims who continue to commit atrocities in Europe and America, what of the terrorist attacks in Paris, one against a group of cartoonists for ‘mocking the prophet’, or the sociopath who drove through crowds of innocents, killing so many in another part of France. Or the psychotic in the UK who cut a priest’s head off in plain daylight?

    There is no equivalent to the growing plague called Islam in today’s world. Those who know a little about Mohammed know that he was so intolerant of anyone not wanting to convert to his religion had hundreds of men killed, and women claimed as their ‘prizes’ and turned into sexual slaves. Those who commit atrocities today go right back to their unholy book the Koran as their source of ‘inspiration’.

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    • @ George Parker. Thank you for your words. Just tonight I am watching a debate by members of the E.U. and how even those who propose modest changes to ‘immigration’ into Europe, are having to approach very gingerly how they talk about it for fear of offending someone. It all plays into something Muslims have been playing up as much as possible, if anyone is critical of Islam, or questioning the practicality of allowing such huge inflows of Muslim people into Europe, cries go up of ‘racism’ and ‘xenophobia’. Supposedly, if Europe does not allow itself to be overrun over the next decades, this is considered by some to be not ‘humanitarian’.

      The man running now for president of Austria, Norbert Hofer, carefully explained that the population of North Africa is slated to double its population by the year 2050, that is only a little over 30 years away. With much larger populations, the likelihood of even more of them wanting to reach Europe will be even larger, the pressures on Europe even greater.

      Aside from the enormous differences between Muslims view of what is ideal, Sharia law, and secular democracy, Hofer points out that providing for each refugee is enormously expensive. He warns that this is coming, even more so, from Africa and likely the Middle East, where the idea of limiting the number of babies being born to Muslims is a taboo subject.

      If Europe wants to retain its culture, traditions, art, architecture, laws and customs, it must put into place protections of their native people ahead of concerns for those from highly unstable parts of the world. Put another way, how is Europe supposed to provide for potentially millions more of these people, the already documented much higher rates of crime associated with these ‘refugees’, and the very real threat of devastating terrorist attacks from those deeply hateful of European values.

      European nations must work toward closing their borders, and deport those who have been designated for deportation. Boats filled to the brim with people from the Middle East and Africa must be turned back, not given a free pass to just proceed onto Europe, as that only encourages even more to come.

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  2. Again, very well said.
    Next years German elections will in essence be a single issue referendum on open borders. Judging by the comments everywhere regarding how upset the German people are about uncontrolled immigration/forced demographic changes. It is likely to be a landslide victory for the Alternative for Germany (AfD). Sadly that will only be the first hurdle and probably the smallest. The next must be reversal of the damage caused by Mad Merkel and her muslim groupies.

    For very obvious reasons, Germany more than any other country, will be hard pressed to again forcibly deport hundreds of thousands of undesirables at gun point. The German people will need all the support like minded people can provide, to give them the strength to retake their own country.

    Despite BREXIT, I fear it is too late for the UK to reverse the damage done by Tony Blair and his attempt to rub the Tory nose in diversity. Given the breeding capability of the immigrants, 20 years has produced a generation of undesirable born here from parents who despise the UK and all it stands for. (See the recent survey results.) Perhaps Germany can take the lead this time and save Europe. It’s long overdue.

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    • @ George Parker. You articulate this growing crisis very well. It is nauseating frankly, to read that London has such a large Muslim population ..

      ‘In the 2011 census Office for National Statistics, the proportion of Muslims in London had risen to 12.4% of the population (40% of England’s Muslims). In the boroughs of Newham and Tower Hamlets, the percentages of Muslims were over 30%.’ ~ Wikipedia

      Something nearly incomprehensible is how rapidly these percentages are growing, and as you say, the capability of Muslims to have many babies. I read a fine article this past year about Muslim men having this strange perception that men who have lots of children are supposedly more virile, and more admired in their societies. The wife of this man has had 12 children, and fears her body cannot take any more, to her credit she is urging her daughters to have fewer children. But even if some feel that way, it is a strongly patriarchal society, and they are classic opportunists, coming to Europe and the UK to exploit generous social benefit, which of course includes providing hospital care to pregnant women. And when those children are born, they too are ‘entitled’ to all of these benefits, from birth forward. All of these costs to their hosts countries must be exorbitant, and who in the end, pays the tab?

      Either the taxpayer, or a delayed bill in the form of greatly increasing debt. All of this and the high social costs are no deal at all for their host countries. It is rare to read any Muslim express much gratitude toward their host county.

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  3. Yes, ISIS has nothing to do with Islam. Contrary to popular misconceptions, the theme of religious freedom is found in abundance in the Qurʾān. The Holy Book thus explains that, (Translations mostly from Abdel-Haleem, same for footnotes)

    1. Differences in people’s beliefs are bound to happen

    Verses that point out that the difference between people in matters of belief is a divine will from his Will, and hence it is something that happened and will continue to happen until the Day of Judgement.

    ________

    We favoured some of these messengers above others. God spoke to some; others He raised in rank; We gave Jesus, son of Mary, Our clear signs and strengthened him with the holy spirit. If God had so willed, their successors would not have fought each other after they had been brought clear signs. But they disagreed: some believed and some disbelieved. If God had so willed, they would not have fought each other, but God does what He will.

    Qurʾān — 2:253

    ________

    We sent to you [Muḥammad] the Scripture with the truth, confirming the Scriptures that came before it, and with final authority over them: so judge between them according to what God has sent down. Do not follow their whims, which deviate from the truth that has come to you. We have assigned a law and a path to each of you. If God had so willed, He would have made you one community, but He wanted to test you through that which He has given you, so race to do good: you will all return to God and He will make clear to you the matters you differed about.

    Qurʾān — 5:48

    ________

    If you find rejection by the disbelievers so hard to bear, then seek a tunnel into the ground or a ladder into the sky, if you can, and bring them a sign: God could bring them all to guidance if it were His will, so do not join the ignorant.

    Qurʾān — 6:35

    ________

    Follow what has been revealed to you from your Lord, there is no God but Him. Turn away from those who join other gods with Him.

    If it had been God’s will, they would not have done so, but We have not made you their guardian, nor are you their keeper.

    Qurʾān — 6:106–107

    ________

    Say, ‘The conclusive argument belongs to God alone. Had He so willed He would
    have guided you all.’

    Qurʾān — 6:149

    ________

    All people were originally one single community, but later they differed. If it had not been for a wordᵃ from your Lord, the preordained judgement would already have been passed between them regarding their differences.

    Qurʾān — 10:19

    ᵃ : Postponing judgement.

    ________

    And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed –– all of them entirely. Then, [O Muḥammad], would you compel the people in order that they become believers?

    Qurʾān — 10:99

    ________

    If your Lord had pleased, He would have made all people a single community, but they continue to have their differences –– except those on whom your Lord has mercy –– for He created them to be this way, and the word of your Lord is final: ‘I shall definitely fill Hell with both jinn and men.’

    Qurʾān — 11:118–119

    ________

    If there were ever to be a Qurʾān with which mountains could be moved, the earth shattered, or the dead made to speak [it would have been this one],ᵃ but everything is truly in God’s hands. Do the believers not realize that if God had so willed, He could have guided all mankind? As for the disbelievers, because of their misdeeds, disaster will not cease to afflict them or fall close to their homes until God’s promise is fulfilled: God never fails to keep His promise.

    Qurʾān — 13:31

    ᵃ : Or ‘[they still would not believe]’.

    ________

    God points out the right path, for some paths lead the wrong way: if He wished, He could guide you all.

    Qurʾān — 16:9

    ________

    If God so willed, He would have made you all one people, but He leaves to stray whoever He will and guides whoever He will. You will be questioned about your deeds.

    Qurʾān — 16:93

    ________

    We have appointed acts of devotion for every community to observe, so do not let them argue with you [Prophet] about this matter. Call them to your Lord––you are on the right path––and if they argue with you, say, ‘God is well aware of what you are doing.’

    Qurʾān — 22:67–68

    ________

    ‘If it had been Our will, We could certainly have given every soul
    its true guidance, but My words have come true. “I shall be sure to fill Hell with jinn and men together.”

    Qurʾān — 32:13

    ________

    If God had so pleased, He could have made them a single community, but He admits to His mercy whoever He will; the evildoers will have no one to protect or help them.

    Qurʾān — 42:8

    ________

    2. Judgement between people in their differences in belief is in the Day of Resurrection and not in this earthly world

    Verses that show that the decision and final judgement between people in their differences in belief isn’t in this abode but it is in the abode of the Hereafter.

    ________

    The Jews say, ‘The Christians have no ground whatsoever to stand on,’ and the Christians say, ‘The Jews have no ground whatsoever to stand on,’ though they both read the Scripture, and those who have no knowledge say the same; God will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning their differences.

    Qurʾān — 2:113

    ________

    God said, ‘Jesus, I will take you back and raise you up to Me: I will purify you of the disbelievers. To the Day of Resurrection I will make those who follow you superior to those who disbelieved. Then you will all return to Me and I will judge between you regarding your differences.

    Qurʾān — 3:55

    ________

    The [hypocrites] wait to see what happens to you and, if God brings you success, they say, ‘Were we not on your side?’ but if the disbelievers have some success, they say to them, ‘Did we not have the upper hand over you, and [yet] protect you from the believers?’ God will judge between you all on the Day of Resurrection, and He will give the disbelievers no means of overcoming the believers.

    Qurʾān — 4:141

    ________

    We sent to you [Muḥammad] the Scripture with the truth, confirming the Scriptures that came before it, and with final authority over them: so judge between them according to what God has sent down. Do not follow their whims, which deviate from the truth that has come to you. We have assigned a law and a path to each of you. If God had so willed, He would have made you one community, but He wanted to test you through that which He has given you, so race to do good: you will all return to God and He will make clear to you the matters you differed about.

    Qurʾān — 5:48

    ________

    You who believe, you are responsible for your own souls; if anyone else goes astray it will not harm you so long as you follow the guidance; you will all return to God, and He will make you realize what you have done.

    Qurʾān — 5:105

    ________

    Say, ‘I stand on clear proof from my Lord, though you deny it. What you seek to hasten is not within my power. Judgement is for God alone: He tells the truth, and He is the best of judges.’

    Say, ‘If what you seek to hasten were within my power, the matter would be settled between you and me, but God knows best who does wrong.’

    Qurʾān — 6:58–59

    ________

    He is the Supreme Master over His subjects. He sends out recorders to watch over you until, when death overtakes any of you, those sent by Us take his soul–– they never fail in their duty.

    Then they will all be returned to God, their true Lord. The Judgement truly belongs to Him, and He is the swiftest of reckoners.

    Qurʾān — 6:61–62

    ________

    We settled the Children of Israel in a good place and provided good things as sustenance for them. It was only after knowledge had come to them that they began to differ among themselves. Your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection regarding their differences.

    Qurʾān — 10:93

    ________

    [Prophet], follow what is being revealed to you, and be steadfast until God gives His
    judgement, for He is the Best of Judges.

    Qurʾān — 10:109

    ________

    The Sabbath was made obligatory only for those who differed about it. On the Day of Resurrection your Lord will judge between them as to their differences.

    Qurʾān — 16:124

    ________

    As for the believers, those who follow the Jewish faith, the Sabians, the Christians, the Magians, and the idolaters, God will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection; God witnesses all things.

    Qurʾān — 22:17

    ________

    On that Day control will belong to God: He will judge between them. Those who believe and do good deeds will be admitted to Gardens of Delight, while those who disbelieve and reject Our revelations will receive a humiliating torment.

    Qurʾān — 22:56–57

    ________

    And whoever invokes besides God another deity for which he has no proof – then his account is only with his Lord. Indeed, the disbelievers will not succeed.

    Qurʾān — 23:117

    ________

    He is God; there is no god but Him; all praise belongs to Him in this world and the next; His is the Judgement; and to Him you shall be returned.

    Qurʾān — 28:70

    ________

    [Prophet], it is your Lord who will judge between
    them on the Day of Resurrection concerning their differences.

    Qurʾān — 32:25

    ________

    Say, ‘God! Creator of the heavens and earth! Knower of all that is hidden and all that is open, You will judge between Your servants regarding their differences.’

    Qurʾān — 39:46

    ________

    [They will be told], ‘This is all because when God alone was invoked you rejected this, yet when others were associated with Him you believed [in them].’ Judgement belongs to God the Most High, the Most Great.

    Qurʾān — 40:12

    ________

    Whatever you may differ about is for God to judge. [Say], ‘Such is God, my Lord. In Him I trust and to
    Him I turn,

    Qurʾān — 42:10

    ________

    How can they believe in others who ordain for them things which God has not sanctioned in the practice of their faith? If it were not for God’s decree concerning the final Decision, judgement would already have been made between them. The evildoers will have a grievous punishment––

    Qurʾān — 42:21

    ________

    Neither your kinsfolk nor your children will be any use to you on
    the Day of Resurrection: He will separate you out. God sees everything you do.

    Qurʾān — 60:3

    ________

    Indeed, to Us is their return.

    Then indeed, upon Us is their account.

    Qurʾān — 88:25–26

    ________

    3. Compulsion and coercion is prohibited, and it is the way of the unbelievers and believers are its victims

    Verses that prohibit compulsion in religion and that show that it is the way of the unbelievers –– and not Prophets and their followers –– who use different methods such as compulsion, torture, slaughter, stoning, expulsion from homes, …etc to oppress believers to make them revert from their religion.

    ________

    There is no compulsion in religion: true guidance has become distinct from error, so whoever rejects false gods and believes in God has grasped the firmest hand-hold, one that will never break. God is all hearing and all knowing.

    Qurʾān — 2:256

    ________

    And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed – all of them entirely. Then, [O Muḥammad], would you compel the people in order that they become believers?

    Qurʾān — 10:99

    ________

    He said, ‘O my people have you considered: if I should be upon clear evidence from my Lord while He has given me mercy from Himself but it has been made unapparent to you, should we force it upon you while you are averse to it?

    Qurʾān — 11:28

    ________

    His people’s arrogant leaders said, ‘Shu’ayb, we will expel you and your fellow believers from our town unless you return to our religion.’ He said, ‘What! Even if we detest it?

    Qurʾān — 7:88

    ________

    With the exception of those who are forced to say they do not believe, although their hearts remain firm in faith, those who reject God after believing in Him and open their hearts to disbelief will have the wrath of God upon them and a grievous punishment awaiting them.

    Qurʾān — 16:106

    ________

    [The people of Shu’ayb said to him:]

    They said, ‘Shu’ayb, we do not understand much of what you
    say, and we find you very weak in our midst. But for your family, we
    would have stoned you, for you have no great status among us.’

    Qurʾān — 11:91

    ________

    [The father of Abraham said to him:]

    His father answered, ‘Abraham, do you reject my gods? I will stone you if you do not stop this. Keep out of my way!’

    Qurʾān — 19:46

    ________

    [And the people of the two of Antakiya said to their prophets:]

    but they answered, ‘We think you are an evil omen. If you do not stop, we shall stone you, and inflict a painful torment on you.’

    Qurʾān — 36:18

    ________

    [And one amongst the companions of the cave said about his polytheist people:]

    Indeed, if they come to know of you, they will stone you or return you to their religion. And never would you succeed, then – ever.

    Qurʾān — 18:20

    ________

    [And the people of Noah said to him:]

    So they said, ‘Noah, if you do not stop this, you will be stoned.’

    Qurʾān — 26:116

    ________

    [And in the Qurʾān the attrocities of Pharaoh – such as his execution and slaughtering of those who believed with Moses – were mentioned in many instances.]

    Remember when We saved you from Pharaoh’s people, who subjected you to terrible torment, slaughtering your sons and sparing only your women––this was a great trial from your Lord––

    Qurʾān — 2:49

    ________

    damned were the makers of the trench, the makers of the fuel-stoked fire! They sat down to watch what they were doing to the believers. Their only grievance against them was their faith in God, the Mighty, the Praiseworthy, to whom all control over the heavens and earth belongs: God is witness over all things.

    Qurʾān — 85:4-9

    ________

    The disbelievers said to their messengers, ‘We shall expel you from our land unless you return to our religion.’ But their Lord inspired the messengers: ‘We shall destroy the evildoers, and leave you to dwell in the land after them. This reward is for those who are in awe of meeting Me, and of My warnings.’

    Qurʾān — 14:13–14

    ________

    [And about the people of Lot:]

    The only answer his people gave was to say, ‘Expel Lot’s followers from your town! These men mean to stay chaste!’

    Qurʾān — 27:56

    The only response his people gave was to say [to one another], ‘Drive them out of your town! These men want to keep themselves chaste!’

    Qurʾān — 7:82

    ________

    [Prophet], consider the leaders of the Children of Israel who came after Moses, when they said to one of their prophets, ‘Set up a king for us and we shall fight in God’s cause.’ He said, ‘But could it be that you would not fight, if it were ordained for you?’ They said, ‘How could we not fight in God’s cause when we and our children have been driven out of our homeland?’ Yet when they were commanded to fight, all but a few of them turned away: God has full knowledge of those who do wrong.

    Qurʾān — 2:246

    ________

    [And about the expulsion of the Prophet ﷺ from Makkah:]

    And indeed, they were about to drive you from the land to evict you therefrom. And then [when they do], they will not remain [there] after you, except for a little.

    Qurʾān — 17:76

    And [remember, O Muḥammad], when those who disbelieved plotted against you to restrain you or kill you or evict you [from Makkah]. But they plan, and God plans. And God is the best of planners.

    Qurʾān — 8:30

    You who believe, do not take My enemies and yours as your allies, showing them friendship when they have rejected the truth you have received, and have driven you and the Messenger out simply because you believe in God, your Lord –– not if you truly emigrated in order to strive for My cause and seek My good pleasure. You secretly show them friendship –– I know all you conceal and all you reveal –– but any of you who do this are straying from the right path. If they gain the upper hand over you, they will revert to being your enemies and stretch out their hands and tongues to harm you; it is their dearest wish that you may renounce your faith.

    Qurʾān — 60:1–2

    ________

    [About the believers amongst the followers of Muḥammad ﷺ]

    those who have been driven unjustly from their homes only for saying, ‘Our Lord is God.’ If God did not repel some people by means of others, many monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques, where God’s name is much invoked, would have been destroyed. God is sure to help those who help His cause –– God is strong and mighty ––

    Qurʾān — 22:40

    [… and about it:]

    Their Lord has answered them: ‘I will not allow the deeds of any one of you to be lost, whether you are male or female, each is like the other [in rewards]. I will certainly wipe out the bad deeds of those who emigrated and were driven out of their homes, who suffered harm for My cause, who fought and were killed. I will certainly admit them to Gardens graced with flowing streams, as a reward from God: the best reward is with God.’

    Qurʾān — 3:195

    The poor emigrants who were driven from their homes and possessions, who seek God’s favour and approval, those who help God and His Messenger –– these are the ones who are true –– [shall have a share].

    Qurʾān — 59:8

    But God forbids you to take as allies those who have fought against you for your faith, driven you out of your homes, and helped others to drive you out: any of you who take them as allies will truly be wrongdoers.

    Qurʾān — 60:9

    Fight in God’s cause against those who fight you, but do not overstep the limits:ᵃ God does not love those who overstep the limits. Kill them wherever you encounter them,ᵇ and drive them out from where they drove you out, for persecution is more serious than killing.ᶜ Do not fight them at the Sacred Mosque unless they fight you there. If they do fight you, kill them –– this is what such disbelievers deserve –– but if they stop, then God is most forgiving and merciful. Fight them until there is no more persecution, and worshipᵈ ᵉ is devoted to God. If they cease hostilities, there can be no [further] hostility, except towards aggressors.

    Qurʾān — 2:190–193

    ᵃ : The Arabic command la ta’tadu is so general that commentators have agreed that it includes prohibition of starting hostilities, fighting non-combatants, disproportionate response to aggression, etc.
    ᵇ : The Muslims were concerned as to whether it was permitted to retaliate when attacked within the sacred precincts in Mecca when on pilgrimage (see Q.2:196). They are here given permission to fight back wherever they encounter their attackers, in the precinct or outside it.
    ᶜ : ‘Persecuting you unlawfully is worse than you killing them in the precincts in self-defence.’ The article al- in Arabic sometimes takes the place of a pronoun, as here ‘their persecution’ and ‘your killing them’, it is not the generic al-, cf. Q.2:217. See also Q.2:217 below.
    ᵈ : Worship at the sacred mosque.
    ᵉ : Cf. Q.8:39 and note ᶜ to Q.2:191 above.

    .

    They ask you [Prophet] about fighting in the prohibited month. Say, ‘Fighting in that month is a great offence, but to bar others from God’s path, to disbelieve in Him, prevent access to the Sacred Mosque, and expel its people, are still greater offences in God’s eyes: persecution is worse than killing.’ᵃ They will not stop fighting you [believers] until they make you revoke your faith, if they can. If any of you revoke your faith and die as disbelievers, your deeds will come to nothing in this world and the Hereafter, and you will be inhabitants of the Fire, there to remain.

    Qurʾān — 2:217

    ᵃ : To persecute people for believing in God is a worse offence than for the aggrieved party to fight back in the prohibited month. This further explains verse 191.

    ________

    [And concerning the persecution of prophets and messengers mentally and physically, the Qur’an points out that everyone of them suffered from these, …]

    but We have always appointed adversaries from the wicked, for every prophet: Your Lord is sufficient guide and helper.

    Qurʾān — 25:31

    [… and they range from threat to death, passing by torture, expulsion to humiliation. We’ll list here some few examples: Starting with Abraham:]

    They said, ‘Burn him and avenge your gods, if you are going to do the right thing.’ But We said, ‘Fire, be cool and safe for Abraham.’ They planned to harm him, but We made them suffer the greatest loss.

    Qurʾān — 21:68-70

    The only answer Abraham’s people gave was, ‘Kill him or burn him!’ but God saved him from the Fire: there truly are signs in this for people who believe.

    Qurʾān — 29:24

    ________

    [And about Noah:]

    So they said, ‘Noah, if you do not stop this, you will be stoned.’

    Qurʾān — 26:116

    ________

    [And Pharaoh threatened Moses with prison:]

    [Pharaoh] said, ‘If you take a god other than me, I will surely place you among those imprisoned.’

    Qurʾān — 26:29

    ________

    [And Lot was threatened with expulsion from his home:]

    but they replied, ‘Lot! If you do not stop this, you will be driven away.’

    Qurʾān — 26:167

    ________

    4 The Human being is free and responsible for his actions

    Verses that point out that the human being is free in his choice of the religion he wishes, if he wills he believes, and if he wills he disbelieves, and that he is responsible for his choice in front of God ﷻ.

    ________

    Say [Prophet], ‘Disbelievers: I do not worship what you worship, you do not worship what I worship, I will never worship what you worship, you will never worship what I worship:ᵃ you have your religion and I have mine.’

    Qurʾān — 109:1-6

    ᵃ : If you keep to your present gods (see Zamakhshari, al-Kashshaf, vol. iv)

    ________

    Say, ‘Now the truth has come from your Lord: let those who wish to believe in it do so, and let those who wish to reject it do so.’ We have prepared a Fire for the wrongdoers that will envelop them from all sides. If they call for relief, they will be relieved with water like molten metal, scalding their faces. What a terrible drink! What a painful resting place!

    Qurʾān — 18:29

    ________

    Whoever accepts guidance does so for his own good; whoever strays does so at his own peril. No soul will bear another’s burden, nor do We punish until We have sent a messenger.

    Qurʾān — 17:15

    ________

    We said, ‘Get out, all of you! But when guidance comes from Me, as it certainly will, there will be no fear for those who follow My guidance nor will they grieve –– those who disbelieve and deny Our messages shall be the inhabitants of the Fire, and there they will remain.’

    Qurʾān — 2:38–39

    ________

    So if they believe like you do, they will be rightly guided. But if they turn their backs, then they will be entrenched in opposition. God will protect you from them: He is the All Hearing, the All Knowing.

    Qurʾān — 2:137

    ________

    if they argue with you [Prophet], say, ‘I have devoted myselfᵈ to God alone and so have my followers.’ Ask those who were given the Scripture, as well as those without one, ‘Do you too devote yourselves to Him alone?’ If they do, they will be guided, but if they turn away, your only duty is to convey the message. God is aware of His servants.

    Qurʾān — 3:20

    ᵈ : Literally ‘submitted my face’.

    ________

    Everything in the heavens and the earth belongs to God. We have commanded those who were given the Scripture before you, and We command you, to be mindful of God. Even if you do ignore Him, everything in the heavens and the earth belongs to Him, and He is self-sufficient, worthy of all praise.

    Qurʾān — 4:131

    ________

    Now clear proof has come to you from your Lord: if anyone sees it, that will be to his advantage; if anyone is blind to it, that will be to his loss –– [Say], ‘I am not your guardian.’

    Qurʾān — 6:104

    ________

    Say, ‘People, the Truth has come to you from your Lord. Whoever follows the right path follows it for his own good, and whoever strays does so to his own loss: I am not your guardian.’

    Qurʾān — 10:108

    ________

    [Say, Prophet], ‘Worship no one but God. I am sent to you from Him to warn and to give good news. Ask your Lord for forgiveness, then turn back to Him. He will grant you wholesome enjoyment until an appointed time, and give His grace to everyone who has merit. But if you turn away, I fear you will have torment on a terrible Day: it is to God that you will all return, and He has power over everything.’

    Qurʾān — 11:2-4

    And Moses said, ‘If you should disbelieve, you and whoever is on the earth entirely – indeed, God is Free of need and Praiseworthy.’

    Qurʾān — 14:8

    ________

    Say, ‘Everyone does things their own way, but your Lord is fully aware of who follows the best-guided path.’

    Qurʾān — 17:84

    ________

    I am commanded to recite the Qurʾān.’ Whoever chooses to follow the right path does so for his own good. Say to whoever deviates from it, ‘I am only here to warn.’

    Qurʾān — 27:92

    ________

    [Prophet], stand firm in your devotion to the upright religion, before an irresistible Day comes from God. On that Day, mankind will be divided: those who rejected the truth will bear the burden of that rejection, and those who did good deeds will have made good provision for themselves.

    Qurʾān — 30:43–44

    ________

    We endowed Luqman with wisdom: ‘Be thankful to God: whoever gives thanks benefits his own soul, and as for those who are thankless––God is self-sufficient, worthy of all praise.’

    Qurʾān — 31:12

    ________

    Whoever directs himselfᵇ wholly to God and does good work has grasped the surest handhold, for the outcome of everything is with God. As for those who refuse to do this, do not let their refusal sadden you [Prophet] –– they will return to Us and We shall tell them what they have done: God knows all that hearts contain ––

    Qurʾān — 31:22–23

    ᵇ : Literally ‘his face’.

    ________

    it is He who made you [people] successors to the land. Those who deny the truth will bear the consequences: their denial will only make them more odious to their Lord, and add only to their loss.

    Qurʾān — 35:39

    ________

    If you are ungrateful, remember God has no need of you, yet He is not pleased by ingratitude in His servants; if you are grateful, He is pleased [to see] it in you. No soul will bear another’s burden. You will return to your Lord in the end and He will inform you of what you have done: He knows well what is in the depths of [your] hearts.

    Qurʾān — 39:7

    ________

    Say, ‘It is God I serve, dedicating my worship entirely to Him –– you may serve whatever you please beside Him.’ Say, ‘The true losers are the ones who will lose themselves and their people on the Day of Resurrection: that is the most obvious loss.

    Qurʾān — 39:14–15

    ________

    Indeed, We created man from a sperm-drop mixture that We may try him; and We made him hearing and seeing. Indeed, We guided him to the way, be he grateful or be he ungrateful.

    Qurʾān — 76:2–3

    ________

    by the soul and how He formed it and inspired it [to know] its own rebellion and piety! The one who purifies his soul succeeds and the one who corrupts it fails.

    Qurʾān — 91:7-10

    ________

    By the enshrouding night, by the radiant day, by His creation of male and female! The ways you take differ greatly. There is the one who gives, who is mindful of God, who testifies to goodness –– We shall smooth his way towards ease. There is the one who is miserly, who is self-satisfied, who denies goodness –– We shall smooth his way towards hardship and his wealth will not help him as he falls.

    Our part is to provide guidance –– this world and the next belong to Us –– so I warn you about the raging Fire, in which none but the most wicked one will burn, who denied [the truth], and turned away. The most pious one will be spared this –– who gives his wealth away as self-purification, not to return a favour to anyone but for the sake of his Lord the Most High –– and he will be well pleased.

    Qurʾān — 92:1-21

    ________

    This is a reminder. Let whoever wishes take the way to his Lord.

    Qurʾān — 73:19 – 76:29

    but truly this is a reminder. Let whoever wishes to take heed do so:

    Qurʾān — 74:54–55

    This is a message for all people; for those who wish to take the straight path.

    Qurʾān — 81:27–28

    ________

    5 Obligation to use the mind, to think and ponder, and prohibition from blindly following the religion of one’s parents

    And such verses have a clear relation to the fourth category, since they show that one should use reason, to observe, understand and ponder, and to be independent in his thinking, and not blindly follow a religion just because of a custom or it being the religion of his/her parents. And that’s what makes one free & responsible in his decision.

    These verses are extremely abundant. According to one estimate, these verses constitute more than 1/8 of the Holy Qurʾān. I’ll mention briefly some of these verses, but to find more of them, one may either open up a random page of the Qurʾān, or use indexed dictionnaries of the Qurʾān such as the one of Muḥammad Fouād ʿAbd al-Bāqī (freely available here), or one may search for the following keywords and their derivatives: عقل, فكر، عبر، نظر، أولي الألباب، ذكر، سير (السير في الأرض)، and the words آباؤنا وآباؤنا، and other similar expressions such as علم. To keep things short in this list, I’ll include just two verses from each keyword.

    ________

    But when it is said to them, ‘Follow the message that God has sent down,’ they answer, ‘We follow the ways of our fathers.’ Even though their fathers understood nothing and were not guided?

    Qurʾān — 2:170

    ________

    when it is said to them, ‘Come to what God has sent down, and to the Messenger,’ they say, ‘What we inherited from our forefathers is good enough for us,’ even though their forefathers knew nothing and were not guided.

    Qurʾān — 5:104

    ________

    in the alternation of night and day, in the rain God provides, sending it down from the sky and reviving the dead earth with it, and in His shifting of the winds there are signs for those who use their reason.

    Qurʾān — 45:5

    ________

    [We sent them] with clear proofs and written ordinances. And We revealed to you the message that you may make clear to the people what was sent down to them and that they might give thought.

    Qurʾān — 16:44

    ________

    who remember God standing, sitting, and lying down, who reflect on the creation of the heavens and earth: ‘Our Lord! You have not created all this without purpose–– You are far above that!–– so protect us from the torment of the Fire.

    Qurʾān — 3:191

    ________

    There is a lesson in the stories of such people for those who understand. This revelation is no fabrication: it is a confirmation of the truth of what was sent before it; an explanation of everything;ᵃ a guide and a blessing for those who believe.

    Qurʾān — 12:111

    ᵃ : There are two interpretations of this phrase: (i) ‘everything to do with the story of Joseph’; and (ii) ‘everything to do with religion’.

    ________

    God alternates night and day–– there truly is a lesson in [all] this for those who have eyes to see––

    Qurʾān — 24:44

    ________

    Say, ‘Look at what is in the heavens and on the earth.’ But what use are signs and warnings to people who will not believe?

    Qurʾān — 10:101

    ________

    So let man observe from what he was created.

    Qurʾān — 86:5

    ________

    who listen to what is said and follow what is best. These are the ones God has guided; these are the people of understanding.

    Qurʾān — 39:18

    ________

    Have you not considered that God sends water down from the sky, guides it along to form springs in the earth, and then, with it, brings forth vegetation of various colours, which later withers, turns yellow before your eyes, and is crumbled to dust at His command? There is truly a reminder in this for those who have understanding.

    Qurʾān — 39:21

    ________

    and We restored his family to him, with many more like them: a sign of Our mercy and a lesson to all who understand.

    Qurʾān — 38:43

    ________

    He gives wisdom to whom He wills, and whoever has been given wisdom has certainly been given much good. And none will remember except those of understanding.

    Qurʾān — 2:269

    ________

    Say, ‘Travel throughout the earth and see how He brings life into being: and He will bring the next life into being. God has power over all things.

    Qurʾān — 29:20

    ________

    All the messengers We sent before you [Muḥammad] were men to whom We made revelations, men chosen from the people of their towns. Have the [disbelievers] not travelled through the land and seen the end of those who went before them? For those who are mindful of God, the Home in the Hereafter is better. Do you [people] not use your reason?

    Qurʾān — 12:109

    ________

    6 The purpose of Prophets and Mesengers

    Verses that restrict the functions of Prophets and Messengers (Peace be upon them) in preaching and da’wa, and to give a clear warning, without any type of compulsion or coercion, and that negates the idea that the Messengers have to be guardians and watchers over people.

    ________

    if they argue with you [Prophet], say, ‘I have devoted myself to God alone and so have my followers.’ Ask those who were given the Scripture, as well as those without one, ‘Do you too devote yourselves to Him alone?’ If they do, they will be guided, but if they turn away, your only duty is to convey the message. God is aware of His servants.

    Qurʾān — 3:20

    ________

    Obey God, obey the Messenger, and always be on your guard: if you pay no heed, bear in mind that the sole duty of Our Messenger is to deliver the message clearly.

    Qurʾān — 5:92

    ________

    The Messenger’s duty is only to deliver the message: God knows what you reveal and what you conceal.

    Qurʾān — 5:99

    ________

    Whether We let you [Prophet] see part of what We threaten them with, or cause you to die [before that], your duty is only to deliver the message: the Reckoning is Ours.

    Qurʾān — 13:40

    ________

    Those who worshipped others alongside God say, ‘If God had willed, we would not have worshipped anything but Him, nor would our fathers. We would not have declared anything forbidden without His sanction.’ Those before them said the same. Are the messengers obliged to do anything other than deliver [their message] clearly?

    Qurʾān — 16:35

    ________

    But if they turn away [Prophet], your only duty is to deliver the message clearly.

    Qurʾān — 16:82

    ________

    Say, ‘Obey God; obey the Messenger. If you turn away, [know that] he is responsible for the duty placed upon him, and you are responsible for the duty placed upon you. If you obey him, you will be rightly guided, but the Messenger’s duty is only to deliver the message clearly.’

    Qurʾān — 24:54

    If you say this is a lie, [be warned that] other communities before you said the same. The messenger’s only duty is to give clear warning.’

    Qurʾān — 29:18

    ________

    [And the messengers said: (c.f. Q.36:13-18)]

    Our duty is only to deliver the message to you,’

    Qurʾān — 36:17

    ________

    If they still turn away [remember that] We have not sent you [Prophet] to be their guardian: your only duty is to deliver the message. When We give man a taste of Our mercy, he rejoices in it, but if some harm befalls him on account of what he has done with his own hands, then he is ungrateful.

    Qurʾān — 42:48

    ________

    so obey God and the Messenger. If you turn away, remember that Our Messenger’s duty is only to make plain his message.

    Qurʾān — 64:12

    ________

    We send messengers only to give good news and to warn, so for those who believe and do good deeds there will be no fear, nor will they grieve.

    Qurʾān — 6:48

    We only send messengers to bring good news and to deliver warning, yet the disbelievers seek to refute the truth with false arguments and make fun of My messages and warnings.

    Qurʾān — 18:56

    ________

    Has it not occurred to them that their companionᵃ is not mad but is giving clear warning?

    Qurʾān — 7:184

    ᵃ : This refers to the Prophet ﷺ.

    ________

    Say [Prophet], ‘I have no control over benefit or harm, [even] to myself, except as God may please: if I had knowledge of what is hidden, I would have abundant good things and no harm could touch me. I am no more than a bearer of warning, and good news to those who believe.’

    Qurʾān — 7:188

    ________

    So [Prophet] are you going toᵃ abandon some part of what is revealed to you, and let your heart be oppressed by it, because they say, ‘Why is no treasure sent down to him? Why has no angel come with him?’? You are only there to warn; it is God who is in charge of everything.

    Qurʾān — 11:12

    ᵃ : Literally ‘Perhaps you will . . .’, but this is a challenging figure of speech.

    ________

    Say [Prophet], ‘People, I am sent only to give you clear warning.’

    Qurʾān — 22:49

    ________

    [And Noah said:]

    I am here only to give people a clear warning.’

    Qurʾān — 26:115

    ________

    You, [O Muḥammad], are not but a warner.

    Qurʾān — 35:23

    ________

    It has not been revealed to me except that I am a clear warner.’

    Qurʾān — 38:70

    ________

    Say, ‘I am nothing new among God’s messengers. I do not know what will be done with me or you; I only follow what is revealed to me; I only warn plainly.’

    Qurʾān — 46:9

    ________

    Say, ‘God alone has knowledge of this: my only duty is to give clear warning.’

    Qurʾān — 67:26

    ________

    We sent down the Qurʾān with the truth, and with the truth it has come down –– [Prophet], We sent you only to give good news and warning ––

    Qurʾān — 17:105

    ________

    We sent you only to give good news and warning.

    Qurʾān — 25:56

    ________

    And those who disbelieved say, ‘Why has a sign not been sent down to him from his Lord?’ You are only a warner, and for every people is a guide.

    Qurʾān — 13:7

    ________

    [Prophet] say, ‘I am only here to give warning. There is no god but God the One, the All Powerful, Lord of the heavens and earth and everything between, the Almighty, the Most Forgiving.’

    Qurʾān — 38:65–66

    ________

    They ask you [Prophet] about the Hour, saying, ‘When will it arrive?’, but how can you tell [them that]? Its time is known only to your Lord; you are only sent to warn those who fear it.

    Qurʾān — 79:42-45

    ________

    I am commanded to recite the Qurʾān.’ Whoever chooses to follow the right path does so for his own good. Say to whoever deviates from it, ‘I am only here to warn.’

    Qurʾān — 27:92

    ________

    So [Prophet] warn them: your only task is to give warning

    Qurʾān — 88:21

    ________

    So all of these verses restrict and limit the function of Messengers to preaching, warning, and to give good news, using expressions such as “إِنَّمَا” and expressions of negation and restriction. And there other verses that negate that Messengers use or should employ compulsion and coercion, or be guardians over people, …etc

    ________

    So [Prophet] warn them: your only task is to give warning, you are not there to control them.

    Qurʾān — 88:21–22

    ________

    We know best what the disbelievers say. You [Prophet] are not there to force them, so remind, with this Qurʾān, those who fear My warning.

    Qurʾān — 50:45

    ________

    Now clear proof has come to you from your Lord: if anyone sees it, that will be to his advantage; if anyone is blind to it, that will be to his loss –– [Say], ‘I am not your guardian.’

    Qurʾān — 6:104

    ________

    What lasts with God is best for you, if you are believers: I am not your keeper.’

    Qurʾān — 11:86

    ________

    Whoever obeys the Messenger obeys God. If some pay no heed, We have not sent you to be their keeper.

    Qurʾān — 4:80

    ________

    If it had been God’s will, they would not have done so, but We have not made you their guardian, nor are you their keeper.

    Qurʾān — 6:107

    ________

    If they still turn away [remember that] We have not sent you [Prophet] to be their guardian: your only duty is to deliver the message. When We give man a taste of Our mercy, he rejoices in it, but if some harm befalls him on account of what he has done with his own hands, then he is ungrateful.

    Qurʾān — 42:48

    ________

    yet your people still reject it even though it is the truth. Say, ‘I have not been put in charge of you.

    Qurʾān — 6:66

    ________

    Say, ‘People, the Truth has come to you from your Lord. Whoever follows the right path follows it for his own good, and whoever strays does so to his own loss: I am not your guardian.’

    Qurʾān — 10:108

    ________

    We have sent the Scripture down to you [Prophet] with the Truth for people. Whoever follows the guidance does so for his own benefit, whoever strays away from it does so at his own peril: you are not in charge of them.

    Qurʾān — 39:41

    ________

    As for those who take protectors other than Him, God is watching them; you are not responsible for them.

    Qurʾān — 42:6

    ________

    Your Lord has the most knowledge about all of you: if He pleases He will have mercy on you, and if He pleases He will punish you. [Prophet], We did not send you to take charge of them.

    Qurʾān — 17:54

    ________

    Have you seen the one who takes as his god his own desire? Then would you be responsible for him?

    Qurʾān — 25:43

    ________

    And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed – all of them entirely. Then, [O Muḥammad], would you compel the people in order that they become believers?

    Qurʾān — 10:99

    ________

    It is not for you [Prophet] to guide them; it is God who guides whoever He will. Whatever charity you give benefits your own soul, provided you do it for the sake of God: whatever you give will be repaid to you in full, and you will not be wronged.

    Qurʾān — 2:272

    ________

    Some of them look at you: but can you guide the blind if they will not see?

    Qurʾān — 10:43

    ________

    Though you [Prophet] may be eager to guide them, God does not guide those
    who misguide [others],ᵃ nor will they have anyone to help them.

    Qurʾān — 16:37

    ᵃ : C.f. verse 25 : On the Day of Resurrection they will bear the full weight of their own burden, as well as some of the burden of those they misled with no true knowledge. How terrible their burden will be!

    ________

    you cannot guide the blind out of their error: you cannot make anyone hear you except those who believe in Our signs and submit [to Us].

    Qurʾān — 27:81 – Qurʾān — 30:53

    ________

    You [Prophet] cannot guide everyone you love to the truth; it is God who guides whoever He will: He knows best those who will follow guidance.

    Qurʾān — 28:56

    ________

    Can you [Prophet] make the deaf hear? Or guide either the blind or those who are in gross error?

    Qurʾān — 43:40

    ________

    Some of them do listen to you: but can you make the deaf hear if they will not use their minds?

    Qurʾān — 10:42

    ________

    You cannot make the dead hear, you cannot make the deaf listen to your call when they turn their backs and leave,

    Qurʾān — 27:80, see also: Qurʾān — 30:52

    ________

    And not equal are the living and the dead. Indeed, God causes to hear whom He wills, but you cannot make hear those in the graves.

    Qurʾān — 35:22

    ________

    We have sent you [Prophet] with the truth, bearing good news and warning. You will not be responsible for the inhabitants of the Blaze.

    Qurʾān — 2:119

    ________

    I am commanded to recite the Qurʾān.’ Whoever chooses to follow the right path does so for his own good. Say to whoever deviates from it, ‘I am only here to warn.’

    Qurʾān — 6:52

    ________

    But if they turn away, say, ‘I have proclaimed the message fairly to you all. I do not know whether the judgement you are promised is near or far,

    Qurʾān — 21:109

    ________

    Say, ‘Obey God; obey the Messenger. If you turn away, [know that] he is responsible for the duty placed upon him, and you are responsible for the duty placed upon you. If you obey him, you will be rightly guided, but the Messenger’s duty is only to deliver the message clearly.’

    Qurʾān — 24:54

    ________

    What about those whose evil deeds are made alluring to them so that they think they are good? God leaves whoever He will to stray and guides whoever He will. [Prophet], do not waste your soul away with regret for them: God knows exactly what
    they do.

    Qurʾān — 35:8

    ________

    But [Prophet] are you going to worry yourself to death over them if they do not believe in this message?

    Qurʾān — 18:6

    ________

    [Prophet], are you going to worry yourself to death because they will not believe?

    Qurʾān — 26:3

    ________

    So leave them, [O Muḥammad], for you are not to be blamed.

    Qurʾān — 51:54

    ________

    If they disobey you, say, ‘I bear no responsibility for your actions.’

    Qurʾān — 26:216

    ________

    For the self-satisfied one you go out of your way –– though you are not to be blamed for his lack of spiritual growth ––

    Qurʾān — 80:5-7

    ________

    If they do not believe you, [Prophet], say, ‘I act for myself, and you for yourselves. You are not responsible for my actions nor am I responsible for yours.’

    Qurʾān — 10:41

    ________

    Say, ‘Everyone does things their own way, but your Lord is fully aware of who follows the best-guided path.’

    Qurʾān — 17:84

    ________

    [Prophet], say, ‘My people, you carry on as you are, and so will I: you will come to realize who will have a happy homecoming in the Hereafter.’ The evildoers will not prosper.

    Qurʾān — 6:135

    ________

    [And Shu’ayb said:]

    My people, do whatever is within your power, and I will do likewise. Soon you will know who will receive a disgraceful punishment and who is a liar. Watch out, and so will I.’

    Qurʾān — 11:93

    ________

    Say to those who do not believe, ‘Do whatever you can: we too are doing what we can,’
    and ‘Wait: we too are waiting.’

    Qurʾān — 11:121-122

    ________

    Say, ‘O my people, work according to your position, [for] indeed, I am working; and you are going to know
    To whom will come a torment disgracing him and on whom will descend an enduring punishment.’

    Qurʾān — 39:39-40

    ________

    [Prophet], say, ‘We are all waiting, so you carry on waiting: you will come to learn who has followed the even path, and been rightly guided.’

    Qurʾān — 20:135

    ________

    If they turn away, [Prophet], say ,‘God is enough for me: there is no god but Him; I put my trust in Him; He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne.’

    Qurʾān — 9:129

    ________

    7 Having a different religion does not prohibit kindness and justice

    ________

    God does not forbid you to deal kindly and justly with anyone who has not fought you for your faith or driven you out of
    your homes: God loves the just.

    But God forbids you to take as allies those who have fought against you for your faith, driven you out of your homes, and helped others to drive you out: any of you who take them as allies will truly be wrongdoers.

    Qurʾān — 60:8-9

    [The arabic word used in this verse ‘birr’ (dutiful respect and compassion) is the same word that the Prophet ﷺ commands Muslims to use in the treatment of their own parents, and he ﷺ says, ‘birr is good manners’ (Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim). This verse is—to borrow an expression used by Shaykh Yūsuf al-Qaraḍāwī—the constitution (dustūr) of relations between Muslims and non-Muslims.]

    ________

    [On the authority of Ibn Jarīr, Ibn ʿAbbās (ra) said: Some people of the Ansār that had family ties with [the tribes of] Banū Qurayẓah and al-Naḍīr, and they feared to give them charity – wanting them to convert to Islam, then this verse was revealed:]

    It is not for you [Prophet] to guide them; it is God who guides whoever He will. Whatever charity you give benefits your own soul, provided you do it for the sake of God: whatever you give will be repaid to you in full, and you will not be wronged.

    Qurʾān — 2:272

    ________

    Today all good things have been made lawful for you. The food of the People of the Book is lawful for you as your food is lawful for them. So are chaste, believing, women as well as chaste women of the people who were given the Scripture before you, as long as you have given them their bride-gifts and married them, not taking them as lovers or secret mistresses. The deeds of anyone who rejects faith will come to nothing, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers.

    Qurʾān — 5:5

    Another of His signs is that He created spouses from among yourselves for you to live with in tranquillity: He ordained love and kindness between you. There truly are signs in this for those who reflect.

    Qurʾān — 30:21

    [This last verse shows that there must be love and kindness between spouses, and the first verse from Surat Al-Māʾidah made marriage with women of the People of the Book (Christians & Jews) lawful.]

    ________

    [And about the polytheist parents:]

    If they strive to make you associate with Me anything about which you have no knowledge, then do not obey them. Yet keep their company in this life according to what is right, and follow the path of those who turn to Me. You will all return to Me in the end, and I will tell you everything that you have done.

    Qurʾān — 31:15

    ________

    You who believe, be steadfast in your devotion to God and bear witness impartially: do not let hatred of others lead you away from justice, but adhere to justice, for that is closer to awareness of God. Be mindful of God: God is well aware of all that you do.

    Qurʾān — 5:8

    ________

    God commands you [people] to return things entrusted to you to their rightful owners, and, if you judge between people, to do so with justice: God’s instructions to you are excellent, for He hears and sees everything.

    Qurʾān — 4:58

    [And Ibn Kathīr narrated in his tafsīr that Ibn ʿAbbās and Muḥammad b. al-Ḥanafiyyah said, ‘This verse is for the righteous and wicked,’ meaning it is a command that encompasses everyone.]

    ________

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    • … but by far the vast majority of terrorist acts are committed by muslims in the name of islam.

      Your interpretations seems to ignore abrogation. Not that your interpretation is important. That of IS and the other terrorists is the problem. So what are you going to do about it?

      Like

      • Given Islam’s violent history and the unfavourable contrast that its oppressive practices have against 21st century values, Muslims are hard-pressed to repackage their faith in the modern age. Some of its leading apologists have come to rely on tricks involving semantics and half-truths that are, in turn, repeated verbatim by novices and those outside the faith.

        It isn’t the verses of violence that are rare; it’s the ones of peace and tolerance. The latter were also narrated at an earlier time in Muhammad’s life and superseded by what came later. Neither is the “historical context” of these verses of violence all that obvious from the surrounding text in many cases.

        The last chapter of the Quran to be narrated by Muhammad is the most violent. Worse, the historical context is that Muslims had total power at the time and were not being persecuted or attacked. In fact, the sura orders believers to “be harsh” to both the unbelievers and Muslims who are peaceful or non-practicing (verse 9:73) and to fight Christians and Jews into a state of submission (verse 9:29) based on nothing other than their status as non-Muslims.

        These are not the teachings of a religion of peace. The apologists are forced to play games, such as inventing historical context, pulling “textual context” from an entirely different part of the Quran, or pretending that the true meaning can’t be translated to non-Arabic speakers (or to non-Muslims, when native Arabic speakers agree with the translation, as they usually do).

        A perfect book from a perfect god should be easy to understand, but in the Quran, constructs and topics are jumbled into a random mess with little consistency or coherent stream of thought. This is underscored by the fact that few Qurans are printed without extensive commentary which often exceeds the size of the original “revelation.”

        Although the apologists often mitigate verses of violence with non-intuitive references to passages in other parts of the Quran, not all believers are as determined to force the word of Allah into a separate moral framework. It is unclear why a perfect book from a perfect god would so often leave topics as sensitive as killing and child rape open to human interpretation.

        Back to historical context. It’s true that references to the external Hadith and early biographies of Muhammad’s life determine when a Quranic verse was narrated and what it may have meant to the Muslims at the time. This allows the apologists to opportunistically dismiss the passages they don’t like by insisting that they are really just a part of history and not intended to be present-day imperatives.

        But “historical context” cuts both ways. If any verse is a product of history, then they all are. Indeed, there is not a verse in the Quran that was not given at a particular time to address a particular situation in Muhammad’s life, whether he wanted to conquer the tribe next door and needed a “revelation” from Allah spurring his people to war, or if he needed the same type of “revelation” to satisfy a lust for more women (free of complaint from his other wives).

        Here is the irony of the “cherry-picking” argument: Those who use “historical context” against their detractors nearly always engage in cherry-picking of their own by choosing which verses they apply “historical context” to and which they prefer to hold above such tactics of mitigation.

        Context may be the most popular and disingenuous game that Muslims like to play. Simply put, the apologists appeal to context only when they want it to be there. They ignore context when it proves inconvenient. An example of the latter would be the many times in which verse 2:256 is isolated and offered as proof of religious tolerance (in contradiction to Muhammad’s later imposition of the jizya and the sword).

        Islamic purists do not engage in such games. Not only do they know that the verses of Jihad are more numerous and authoritative (abrogating the earlier ones), they hold the entire Quran to be the eternal and literal word of Allah… and this is what often makes them so dangerous.

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      • > Given Islam’s violent history and the unfavourable contrast that its oppressive practices have against 21st century values, Muslims are hard-pressed to repackage their faith in the modern age. Some of its leading apologists have come to rely on tricks involving semantics and half-truths that are, in turn, repeated verbatim by novices and those outside the faith.

        That’s not true, here’s a basic 101 history crash course on such a point by the leading orientalist scholar Sir Thomas Walker Arnold: The Preaching of Islam. You can easily find it.

        Also take a look at this fascinating map http://battles.nodegoat.net/viewer.p/23/385/scenario/1/geo/fullscreen of every battle fought in the last four thousand years, one quickly notices that the major concentrations are not within the areas usually associated with Islam. They are in Europe and North America.

        > It isn’t the verses of violence that are rare; it’s the ones of peace and tolerance. The latter were also narrated at an earlier time in Muhammad’s life and superseded by what came later. Neither is the “historical context” of these verses of violence all that obvious from the surrounding text in many cases.

        That’s fundamentally wrong, because 1) verses that are “pure facts” such as “God does not love aggressors” can’t be abrogated since abrogation is a) only on verses that give rulings, b) since that would imply that the Koran contains a contradiction, 2) all the Prophet’s battles were defensive, including his last ones, the Prophet ﷺ never forced anyone to believe, and there is simply no recorded case of the Prophet ﷺ coercing someone to become a Muslim, as Ibn Qayyim says:

        “The Prophet never forced the religion upon anyone, but rather he only fought those who waged war against him and fought him first. As for those who made peace with him or conducted a truce, then he never fought them and he never compelled them to enter his religion, as his Lord the Almighty had commanded him: ‘There is no compulsion in religion, for right guidance is distinct from error’ (Qurʾān – 2:256). The negation in the verse carries the meaning of prohibition, namely, you may not force your religion upon anyone.”

        Thirdly, all of the battles he ﷺ led were defensive, let us quote here al-Dawoody’s summary:

        As pointed out above, Badr, Uhud, and the Ditch were defensive engagements against offensive attacks on the Muslims in Badr and Medina by the Quraysh and a number of other clans who joined in the attack at the battle of the Ditch. The exiled Jews of Nadīr were behind the mobilization of several other clans in this attack and offered as an inducement “half the date harvest of Khaybar … to B. Ghatafān if they would join in the attack.” Qurayzah should not be considered an act of war as it was the implementation of the arbitration against the traitors at the battle of the Ditch. Al-Mustaliq was a response to an attack already in progress. As for Khaybar, it is significant that, first, Khaybar numbered ten thousand while the Muslims numbered about three thousand. Second, it ended in an agreement that Khaybar were to pay half the produce of their lands. Watt explains that the reason for this incident was Khaybar’s “use of their wealth to induce the neighbouring Arabs and especially the strong tribe of Ghatafān to join them against the Muslims.” Hence, the aim of the Prophet’s march to Khaybar was to put an end to their hostility after they had violated the Constitution of Medina. Accepting Islam or making this payment signifies peaceful coexistence and recognition of the authority of the state system stipulated in the Constitution of Medina. As for Fath Mecca, as stated above, the Prophet’s march to Mecca with at least ten thousand men from the Arab tribes, was a successful, popular, bloodless attempt to take control of his home city of Mecca after eight years in exile. The Prophet confirmed to the huge crowd accompanying him that their march was a peaceful one and no fighting was to take place and no fighting did in fact ensue between the two parties, although Khālid ibn al-Walīd fought in self-defence when arrows were shot at him as he was destroying an idol. Hunayn and al-Ta’if are two incidents of fighting with the clans of Hawāzin and Thaqīf that took place when they marched to Hunayn to fight the Prophet after he took control in Mecca. This study thus finds that the Muslims’ engagements in all these hostilities during the Prophet’s lifetime were defensive. […] Moreover, the cases of the Jews of Banū Qaynuqā‛ who fought alongside the Prophet after Badr, the Jewish Rabbi who fought and called upon his fellow Jews to fight alongside the Prophet against the attack by the Quraysh at the battle of Uhud, the group of Jews who fought with the Prophet and received a share of the war spoils, and the many idolaters who fought with the Prophet at Hunayn and al-Tā’if, are all examples that mitigate against the idea that these were wars fought for the spread of a certain religion. On the basis of these incidents, most of the classical Muslim jurists advocated that it was permissible for polytheists to fight alongside the Muslims against the dār al-harb.

        War in Islamic Law: Justifications and Regulations, pp. 38-39.

        > and to fight Christians and Jews into a state of submission (verse 9:29)

        As I explained above, this verse can’t contradict “God does not love aggressors”, in point of fact, If Q.9:29 meant that the cause of war was the unbelievers unbelief, then jizya wouldn’t have been accepted from them! Since when they give jizya it is prohibited to fight them, but they are still abiding to their unbelief. So the cause of war that can be concluded from Q.9:29 is that it is ḥirāba, a term that comes from the noun ḥarb meaning war, we can thus translate it as ‘waging war’. Hence Q.9:29 is in line with the Islamic justification of war, which is to repulse aggression and assure security and protection to Muslim as well as non-Muslim citizens. And that is basically what the vast majority of jurists, from Hanbalis, Malikis, al-Shafi’i in one opinion, and Hanafis as well as in Twelver Shi’ism, state, that the justification of war is ḥirāba and not unbelief in itself. And as the verse Q.9:13 preceding Q.9:29 makes it clear:

        How could you not fight a people who have broken their oaths, who tried to drive the Messenger out, who attacked you first? Do you fear them? It is God you should fear if you are true believers.

        Qurʾān – 9:13

        And the attestation to that is that Q.9:29 was revealed after an aggression: The very early exegete, Mujāhid ibn Jabr (d. 104H) explained that this fighting was revealed in reference to the Prophet Muhammad’s (ﷺ) campaign against the Byzantine empire. The Prophet ﷺ sent al-Harith ibn Umayr al-Azdi as an emissary to the Byzantine vassal state of the Ghassanids, but the chieftain Shurahbeel committed the shocking crime of tying up the emissary, torturing him, and murdering him. When an army was dispatched to confront the Ghassanids for their crime, the Vicarius Theodorus summoned a large force of Roman soldiers to engage in war against the Muslims in the Battle of Mu’tah. Thus, this verse was revealed in regards to fighting within an existing war against an enemy political entity, namely the Byzantine empire, which lead to preparations for the expedition of Tabuk. The hostility of the group in question is mentioned in the this very Qur’anic passage itself, which goes on to state Q.9:32 that this instruction refers to those “who attempt to extinguish the light of Islam with their mouths“, which Aḍ-Ḍahāk (d. 105H) stated meant “they attempt to destroy Muhammad and his companions.”

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      • Hi @GeorgeParker,

        It seems you didn’t read that article. So let me repeat it for you here, es, ISIS has nothing to do with Islam. Contrary to popular misconceptions, the theme of religious freedom is found in abundance in the Qurʾān. The Holy Book thus explains that, (Translations mostly from Abdel-Haleem, same for footnotes)

        1. Differences in people’s beliefs are bound to happen

        Verses that point out that the difference between people in matters of belief is a divine will from his Will, and hence it is something that happened and will continue to happen until the Day of Judgement.

        ________

        We favoured some of these messengers above others. God spoke to some; others He raised in rank; We gave Jesus, son of Mary, Our clear signs and strengthened him with the holy spirit. If God had so willed, their successors would not have fought each other after they had been brought clear signs. But they disagreed: some believed and some disbelieved. If God had so willed, they would not have fought each other, but God does what He will.

        Qurʾān — 2:253

        ________

        We sent to you [Muḥammad] the Scripture with the truth, confirming the Scriptures that came before it, and with final authority over them: so judge between them according to what God has sent down. Do not follow their whims, which deviate from the truth that has come to you. We have assigned a law and a path to each of you. If God had so willed, He would have made you one community, but He wanted to test you through that which He has given you, so race to do good: you will all return to God and He will make clear to you the matters you differed about.

        Qurʾān — 5:48

        ________

        If you find rejection by the disbelievers so hard to bear, then seek a tunnel into the ground or a ladder into the sky, if you can, and bring them a sign: God could bring them all to guidance if it were His will, so do not join the ignorant.

        Qurʾān — 6:35

        ________

        Follow what has been revealed to you from your Lord, there is no God but Him. Turn away from those who join other gods with Him.

        If it had been God’s will, they would not have done so, but We have not made you their guardian, nor are you their keeper.

        Qurʾān — 6:106–107

        ________

        Say, ‘The conclusive argument belongs to God alone. Had He so willed He would
        have guided you all.’

        Qurʾān — 6:149

        ________

        All people were originally one single community, but later they differed. If it had not been for a wordᵃ from your Lord, the preordained judgement would already have been passed between them regarding their differences.

        Qurʾān — 10:19

        ᵃ : Postponing judgement.

        ________

        And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed –– all of them entirely. Then, [O Muḥammad], would you compel the people in order that they become believers?

        Qurʾān — 10:99

        ________

        If your Lord had pleased, He would have made all people a single community, but they continue to have their differences –– except those on whom your Lord has mercy –– for He created them to be this way, and the word of your Lord is final: ‘I shall definitely fill Hell with both jinn and men.’

        Qurʾān — 11:118–119

        ________

        If there were ever to be a Qurʾān with which mountains could be moved, the earth shattered, or the dead made to speak [it would have been this one],ᵃ but everything is truly in God’s hands. Do the believers not realize that if God had so willed, He could have guided all mankind? As for the disbelievers, because of their misdeeds, disaster will not cease to afflict them or fall close to their homes until God’s promise is fulfilled: God never fails to keep His promise.

        Qurʾān — 13:31

        ᵃ : Or ‘[they still would not believe]’.

        ________

        God points out the right path, for some paths lead the wrong way: if He wished, He could guide you all.

        Qurʾān — 16:9

        ________

        If God so willed, He would have made you all one people, but He leaves to stray whoever He will and guides whoever He will. You will be questioned about your deeds.

        Qurʾān — 16:93

        ________

        We have appointed acts of devotion for every community to observe, so do not let them argue with you [Prophet] about this matter. Call them to your Lord––you are on the right path––and if they argue with you, say, ‘God is well aware of what you are doing.’

        Qurʾān — 22:67–68

        ________

        ‘If it had been Our will, We could certainly have given every soul
        its true guidance, but My words have come true. “I shall be sure to fill Hell with jinn and men together.”

        Qurʾān — 32:13

        ________

        If God had so pleased, He could have made them a single community, but He admits to His mercy whoever He will; the evildoers will have no one to protect or help them.

        Qurʾān — 42:8

        ________

        2. Judgement between people in their differences in belief is in the Day of Resurrection and not in this earthly world

        Verses that show that the decision and final judgement between people in their differences in belief isn’t in this abode but it is in the abode of the Hereafter.

        ________

        The Jews say, ‘The Christians have no ground whatsoever to stand on,’ and the Christians say, ‘The Jews have no ground whatsoever to stand on,’ though they both read the Scripture, and those who have no knowledge say the same; God will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning their differences.

        Qurʾān — 2:113

        ________

        God said, ‘Jesus, I will take you back and raise you up to Me: I will purify you of the disbelievers. To the Day of Resurrection I will make those who follow you superior to those who disbelieved. Then you will all return to Me and I will judge between you regarding your differences.

        Qurʾān — 3:55

        ________

        The [hypocrites] wait to see what happens to you and, if God brings you success, they say, ‘Were we not on your side?’ but if the disbelievers have some success, they say to them, ‘Did we not have the upper hand over you, and [yet] protect you from the believers?’ God will judge between you all on the Day of Resurrection, and He will give the disbelievers no means of overcoming the believers.

        Qurʾān — 4:141

        ________

        We sent to you [Muḥammad] the Scripture with the truth, confirming the Scriptures that came before it, and with final authority over them: so judge between them according to what God has sent down. Do not follow their whims, which deviate from the truth that has come to you. We have assigned a law and a path to each of you. If God had so willed, He would have made you one community, but He wanted to test you through that which He has given you, so race to do good: you will all return to God and He will make clear to you the matters you differed about.

        Qurʾān — 5:48

        ________

        You who believe, you are responsible for your own souls; if anyone else goes astray it will not harm you so long as you follow the guidance; you will all return to God, and He will make you realize what you have done.

        Qurʾān — 5:105

        ________

        Say, ‘I stand on clear proof from my Lord, though you deny it. What you seek to hasten is not within my power. Judgement is for God alone: He tells the truth, and He is the best of judges.’

        Say, ‘If what you seek to hasten were within my power, the matter would be settled between you and me, but God knows best who does wrong.’

        Qurʾān — 6:58–59

        ________

        He is the Supreme Master over His subjects. He sends out recorders to watch over you until, when death overtakes any of you, those sent by Us take his soul–– they never fail in their duty.

        Then they will all be returned to God, their true Lord. The Judgement truly belongs to Him, and He is the swiftest of reckoners.

        Qurʾān — 6:61–62

        ________

        We settled the Children of Israel in a good place and provided good things as sustenance for them. It was only after knowledge had come to them that they began to differ among themselves. Your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection regarding their differences.

        Qurʾān — 10:93

        ________

        [Prophet], follow what is being revealed to you, and be steadfast until God gives His
        judgement, for He is the Best of Judges.

        Qurʾān — 10:109

        ________

        The Sabbath was made obligatory only for those who differed about it. On the Day of Resurrection your Lord will judge between them as to their differences.

        Qurʾān — 16:124

        ________

        As for the believers, those who follow the Jewish faith, the Sabians, the Christians, the Magians, and the idolaters, God will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection; God witnesses all things.

        Qurʾān — 22:17

        ________

        On that Day control will belong to God: He will judge between them. Those who believe and do good deeds will be admitted to Gardens of Delight, while those who disbelieve and reject Our revelations will receive a humiliating torment.

        Qurʾān — 22:56–57

        ________

        And whoever invokes besides God another deity for which he has no proof – then his account is only with his Lord. Indeed, the disbelievers will not succeed.

        Qurʾān — 23:117

        ________

        He is God; there is no god but Him; all praise belongs to Him in this world and the next; His is the Judgement; and to Him you shall be returned.

        Qurʾān — 28:70

        ________

        [Prophet], it is your Lord who will judge between
        them on the Day of Resurrection concerning their differences.

        Qurʾān — 32:25

        ________

        Say, ‘God! Creator of the heavens and earth! Knower of all that is hidden and all that is open, You will judge between Your servants regarding their differences.’

        Qurʾān — 39:46

        ________

        [They will be told], ‘This is all because when God alone was invoked you rejected this, yet when others were associated with Him you believed [in them].’ Judgement belongs to God the Most High, the Most Great.

        Qurʾān — 40:12

        ________

        Whatever you may differ about is for God to judge. [Say], ‘Such is God, my Lord. In Him I trust and to
        Him I turn,

        Qurʾān — 42:10

        ________

        How can they believe in others who ordain for them things which God has not sanctioned in the practice of their faith? If it were not for God’s decree concerning the final Decision, judgement would already have been made between them. The evildoers will have a grievous punishment––

        Qurʾān — 42:21

        ________

        Neither your kinsfolk nor your children will be any use to you on
        the Day of Resurrection: He will separate you out. God sees everything you do.

        Qurʾān — 60:3

        ________

        Indeed, to Us is their return.

        Then indeed, upon Us is their account.

        Qurʾān — 88:25–26

        ________

        3. Compulsion and coercion is prohibited, and it is the way of the unbelievers and believers are its victims

        Verses that prohibit compulsion in religion and that show that it is the way of the unbelievers –– and not Prophets and their followers –– who use different methods such as compulsion, torture, slaughter, stoning, expulsion from homes, …etc to oppress believers to make them revert from their religion.

        ________

        There is no compulsion in religion: true guidance has become distinct from error, so whoever rejects false gods and believes in God has grasped the firmest hand-hold, one that will never break. God is all hearing and all knowing.

        Qurʾān — 2:256

        ________

        And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed – all of them entirely. Then, [O Muḥammad], would you compel the people in order that they become believers?

        Qurʾān — 10:99

        ________

        He said, ‘O my people have you considered: if I should be upon clear evidence from my Lord while He has given me mercy from Himself but it has been made unapparent to you, should we force it upon you while you are averse to it?

        Qurʾān — 11:28

        ________

        His people’s arrogant leaders said, ‘Shu’ayb, we will expel you and your fellow believers from our town unless you return to our religion.’ He said, ‘What! Even if we detest it?

        Qurʾān — 7:88

        ________

        With the exception of those who are forced to say they do not believe, although their hearts remain firm in faith, those who reject God after believing in Him and open their hearts to disbelief will have the wrath of God upon them and a grievous punishment awaiting them.

        Qurʾān — 16:106

        ________

        [The people of Shu’ayb said to him:]

        They said, ‘Shu’ayb, we do not understand much of what you
        say, and we find you very weak in our midst. But for your family, we
        would have stoned you, for you have no great status among us.’

        Qurʾān — 11:91

        ________

        [The father of Abraham said to him:]

        His father answered, ‘Abraham, do you reject my gods? I will stone you if you do not stop this. Keep out of my way!’

        Qurʾān — 19:46

        ________

        [And the people of the two of Antakiya said to their prophets:]

        but they answered, ‘We think you are an evil omen. If you do not stop, we shall stone you, and inflict a painful torment on you.’

        Qurʾān — 36:18

        ________

        [And one amongst the companions of the cave said about his polytheist people:]

        Indeed, if they come to know of you, they will stone you or return you to their religion. And never would you succeed, then – ever.

        Qurʾān — 18:20

        ________

        [And the people of Noah said to him:]

        So they said, ‘Noah, if you do not stop this, you will be stoned.’

        Qurʾān — 26:116

        ________

        [And in the Qurʾān the attrocities of Pharaoh – such as his execution and slaughtering of those who believed with Moses – were mentioned in many instances.]

        Remember when We saved you from Pharaoh’s people, who subjected you to terrible torment, slaughtering your sons and sparing only your women––this was a great trial from your Lord––

        Qurʾān — 2:49

        ________

        damned were the makers of the trench, the makers of the fuel-stoked fire! They sat down to watch what they were doing to the believers. Their only grievance against them was their faith in God, the Mighty, the Praiseworthy, to whom all control over the heavens and earth belongs: God is witness over all things.

        Qurʾān — 85:4-9

        ________

        The disbelievers said to their messengers, ‘We shall expel you from our land unless you return to our religion.’ But their Lord inspired the messengers: ‘We shall destroy the evildoers, and leave you to dwell in the land after them. This reward is for those who are in awe of meeting Me, and of My warnings.’

        Qurʾān — 14:13–14

        ________

        [And about the people of Lot:]

        The only answer his people gave was to say, ‘Expel Lot’s followers from your town! These men mean to stay chaste!’

        Qurʾān — 27:56

        The only response his people gave was to say [to one another], ‘Drive them out of your town! These men want to keep themselves chaste!’

        Qurʾān — 7:82

        ________

        [Prophet], consider the leaders of the Children of Israel who came after Moses, when they said to one of their prophets, ‘Set up a king for us and we shall fight in God’s cause.’ He said, ‘But could it be that you would not fight, if it were ordained for you?’ They said, ‘How could we not fight in God’s cause when we and our children have been driven out of our homeland?’ Yet when they were commanded to fight, all but a few of them turned away: God has full knowledge of those who do wrong.

        Qurʾān — 2:246

        ________

        [And about the expulsion of the Prophet ﷺ from Makkah:]

        And indeed, they were about to drive you from the land to evict you therefrom. And then [when they do], they will not remain [there] after you, except for a little.

        Qurʾān — 17:76

        And [remember, O Muḥammad], when those who disbelieved plotted against you to restrain you or kill you or evict you [from Makkah]. But they plan, and God plans. And God is the best of planners.

        Qurʾān — 8:30

        You who believe, do not take My enemies and yours as your allies, showing them friendship when they have rejected the truth you have received, and have driven you and the Messenger out simply because you believe in God, your Lord –– not if you truly emigrated in order to strive for My cause and seek My good pleasure. You secretly show them friendship –– I know all you conceal and all you reveal –– but any of you who do this are straying from the right path. If they gain the upper hand over you, they will revert to being your enemies and stretch out their hands and tongues to harm you; it is their dearest wish that you may renounce your faith.

        Qurʾān — 60:1–2

        ________

        [About the believers amongst the followers of Muḥammad ﷺ]

        those who have been driven unjustly from their homes only for saying, ‘Our Lord is God.’ If God did not repel some people by means of others, many monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques, where God’s name is much invoked, would have been destroyed. God is sure to help those who help His cause –– God is strong and mighty ––

        Qurʾān — 22:40

        [… and about it:]

        Their Lord has answered them: ‘I will not allow the deeds of any one of you to be lost, whether you are male or female, each is like the other [in rewards]. I will certainly wipe out the bad deeds of those who emigrated and were driven out of their homes, who suffered harm for My cause, who fought and were killed. I will certainly admit them to Gardens graced with flowing streams, as a reward from God: the best reward is with God.’

        Qurʾān — 3:195

        The poor emigrants who were driven from their homes and possessions, who seek God’s favour and approval, those who help God and His Messenger –– these are the ones who are true –– [shall have a share].

        Qurʾān — 59:8

        But God forbids you to take as allies those who have fought against you for your faith, driven you out of your homes, and helped others to drive you out: any of you who take them as allies will truly be wrongdoers.

        Qurʾān — 60:9

        Fight in God’s cause against those who fight you, but do not overstep the limits:ᵃ God does not love those who overstep the limits. Kill them wherever you encounter them,ᵇ and drive them out from where they drove you out, for persecution is more serious than killing.ᶜ Do not fight them at the Sacred Mosque unless they fight you there. If they do fight you, kill them –– this is what such disbelievers deserve –– but if they stop, then God is most forgiving and merciful. Fight them until there is no more persecution, and worshipᵈ ᵉ is devoted to God. If they cease hostilities, there can be no [further] hostility, except towards aggressors.

        Qurʾān — 2:190–193

        ᵃ : The Arabic command la ta’tadu is so general that commentators have agreed that it includes prohibition of starting hostilities, fighting non-combatants, disproportionate response to aggression, etc.
        ᵇ : The Muslims were concerned as to whether it was permitted to retaliate when attacked within the sacred precincts in Mecca when on pilgrimage (see Q.2:196). They are here given permission to fight back wherever they encounter their attackers, in the precinct or outside it.
        ᶜ : ‘Persecuting you unlawfully is worse than you killing them in the precincts in self-defence.’ The article al- in Arabic sometimes takes the place of a pronoun, as here ‘their persecution’ and ‘your killing them’, it is not the generic al-, cf. Q.2:217. See also Q.2:217 below.
        ᵈ : Worship at the sacred mosque.
        ᵉ : Cf. Q.8:39 and note ᶜ to Q.2:191 above.

        .

        They ask you [Prophet] about fighting in the prohibited month. Say, ‘Fighting in that month is a great offence, but to bar others from God’s path, to disbelieve in Him, prevent access to the Sacred Mosque, and expel its people, are still greater offences in God’s eyes: persecution is worse than killing.’ᵃ They will not stop fighting you [believers] until they make you revoke your faith, if they can. If any of you revoke your faith and die as disbelievers, your deeds will come to nothing in this world and the Hereafter, and you will be inhabitants of the Fire, there to remain.

        Qurʾān — 2:217

        ᵃ : To persecute people for believing in God is a worse offence than for the aggrieved party to fight back in the prohibited month. This further explains verse 191.

        ________

        [And concerning the persecution of prophets and messengers mentally and physically, the Qur’an points out that everyone of them suffered from these, …]

        but We have always appointed adversaries from the wicked, for every prophet: Your Lord is sufficient guide and helper.

        Qurʾān — 25:31

        [… and they range from threat to death, passing by torture, expulsion to humiliation. We’ll list here some few examples: Starting with Abraham:]

        They said, ‘Burn him and avenge your gods, if you are going to do the right thing.’ But We said, ‘Fire, be cool and safe for Abraham.’ They planned to harm him, but We made them suffer the greatest loss.

        Qurʾān — 21:68-70

        The only answer Abraham’s people gave was, ‘Kill him or burn him!’ but God saved him from the Fire: there truly are signs in this for people who believe.

        Qurʾān — 29:24

        ________

        [And about Noah:]

        So they said, ‘Noah, if you do not stop this, you will be stoned.’

        Qurʾān — 26:116

        ________

        [And Pharaoh threatened Moses with prison:]

        [Pharaoh] said, ‘If you take a god other than me, I will surely place you among those imprisoned.’

        Qurʾān — 26:29

        ________

        [And Lot was threatened with expulsion from his home:]

        but they replied, ‘Lot! If you do not stop this, you will be driven away.’

        Qurʾān — 26:167

        ________

        4 The Human being is free and responsible for his actions

        Verses that point out that the human being is free in his choice of the religion he wishes, if he wills he believes, and if he wills he disbelieves, and that he is responsible for his choice in front of God ﷻ.

        ________

        Say [Prophet], ‘Disbelievers: I do not worship what you worship, you do not worship what I worship, I will never worship what you worship, you will never worship what I worship:ᵃ you have your religion and I have mine.’

        Qurʾān — 109:1-6

        ᵃ : If you keep to your present gods (see Zamakhshari, al-Kashshaf, vol. iv)

        ________

        Say, ‘Now the truth has come from your Lord: let those who wish to believe in it do so, and let those who wish to reject it do so.’ We have prepared a Fire for the wrongdoers that will envelop them from all sides. If they call for relief, they will be relieved with water like molten metal, scalding their faces. What a terrible drink! What a painful resting place!

        Qurʾān — 18:29

        ________

        Whoever accepts guidance does so for his own good; whoever strays does so at his own peril. No soul will bear another’s burden, nor do We punish until We have sent a messenger.

        Qurʾān — 17:15

        ________

        We said, ‘Get out, all of you! But when guidance comes from Me, as it certainly will, there will be no fear for those who follow My guidance nor will they grieve –– those who disbelieve and deny Our messages shall be the inhabitants of the Fire, and there they will remain.’

        Qurʾān — 2:38–39

        ________

        So if they believe like you do, they will be rightly guided. But if they turn their backs, then they will be entrenched in opposition. God will protect you from them: He is the All Hearing, the All Knowing.

        Qurʾān — 2:137

        ________

        if they argue with you [Prophet], say, ‘I have devoted myselfᵈ to God alone and so have my followers.’ Ask those who were given the Scripture, as well as those without one, ‘Do you too devote yourselves to Him alone?’ If they do, they will be guided, but if they turn away, your only duty is to convey the message. God is aware of His servants.

        Qurʾān — 3:20

        ᵈ : Literally ‘submitted my face’.

        ________

        Everything in the heavens and the earth belongs to God. We have commanded those who were given the Scripture before you, and We command you, to be mindful of God. Even if you do ignore Him, everything in the heavens and the earth belongs to Him, and He is self-sufficient, worthy of all praise.

        Qurʾān — 4:131

        ________

        Now clear proof has come to you from your Lord: if anyone sees it, that will be to his advantage; if anyone is blind to it, that will be to his loss –– [Say], ‘I am not your guardian.’

        Qurʾān — 6:104

        ________

        Say, ‘People, the Truth has come to you from your Lord. Whoever follows the right path follows it for his own good, and whoever strays does so to his own loss: I am not your guardian.’

        Qurʾān — 10:108

        ________

        [Say, Prophet], ‘Worship no one but God. I am sent to you from Him to warn and to give good news. Ask your Lord for forgiveness, then turn back to Him. He will grant you wholesome enjoyment until an appointed time, and give His grace to everyone who has merit. But if you turn away, I fear you will have torment on a terrible Day: it is to God that you will all return, and He has power over everything.’

        Qurʾān — 11:2-4

        And Moses said, ‘If you should disbelieve, you and whoever is on the earth entirely – indeed, God is Free of need and Praiseworthy.’

        Qurʾān — 14:8

        ________

        Say, ‘Everyone does things their own way, but your Lord is fully aware of who follows the best-guided path.’

        Qurʾān — 17:84

        ________

        I am commanded to recite the Qurʾān.’ Whoever chooses to follow the right path does so for his own good. Say to whoever deviates from it, ‘I am only here to warn.’

        Qurʾān — 27:92

        ________

        [Prophet], stand firm in your devotion to the upright religion, before an irresistible Day comes from God. On that Day, mankind will be divided: those who rejected the truth will bear the burden of that rejection, and those who did good deeds will have made good provision for themselves.

        Qurʾān — 30:43–44

        ________

        We endowed Luqman with wisdom: ‘Be thankful to God: whoever gives thanks benefits his own soul, and as for those who are thankless––God is self-sufficient, worthy of all praise.’

        Qurʾān — 31:12

        ________

        Whoever directs himselfᵇ wholly to God and does good work has grasped the surest handhold, for the outcome of everything is with God. As for those who refuse to do this, do not let their refusal sadden you [Prophet] –– they will return to Us and We shall tell them what they have done: God knows all that hearts contain ––

        Qurʾān — 31:22–23

        ᵇ : Literally ‘his face’.

        ________

        it is He who made you [people] successors to the land. Those who deny the truth will bear the consequences: their denial will only make them more odious to their Lord, and add only to their loss.

        Qurʾān — 35:39

        ________

        If you are ungrateful, remember God has no need of you, yet He is not pleased by ingratitude in His servants; if you are grateful, He is pleased [to see] it in you. No soul will bear another’s burden. You will return to your Lord in the end and He will inform you of what you have done: He knows well what is in the depths of [your] hearts.

        Qurʾān — 39:7

        ________

        Say, ‘It is God I serve, dedicating my worship entirely to Him –– you may serve whatever you please beside Him.’ Say, ‘The true losers are the ones who will lose themselves and their people on the Day of Resurrection: that is the most obvious loss.

        Qurʾān — 39:14–15

        ________

        Indeed, We created man from a sperm-drop mixture that We may try him; and We made him hearing and seeing. Indeed, We guided him to the way, be he grateful or be he ungrateful.

        Qurʾān — 76:2–3

        ________

        by the soul and how He formed it and inspired it [to know] its own rebellion and piety! The one who purifies his soul succeeds and the one who corrupts it fails.

        Qurʾān — 91:7-10

        ________

        By the enshrouding night, by the radiant day, by His creation of male and female! The ways you take differ greatly. There is the one who gives, who is mindful of God, who testifies to goodness –– We shall smooth his way towards ease. There is the one who is miserly, who is self-satisfied, who denies goodness –– We shall smooth his way towards hardship and his wealth will not help him as he falls.

        Our part is to provide guidance –– this world and the next belong to Us –– so I warn you about the raging Fire, in which none but the most wicked one will burn, who denied [the truth], and turned away. The most pious one will be spared this –– who gives his wealth away as self-purification, not to return a favour to anyone but for the sake of his Lord the Most High –– and he will be well pleased.

        Qurʾān — 92:1-21

        ________

        This is a reminder. Let whoever wishes take the way to his Lord.

        Qurʾān — 73:19 – 76:29

        but truly this is a reminder. Let whoever wishes to take heed do so:

        Qurʾān — 74:54–55

        This is a message for all people; for those who wish to take the straight path.

        Qurʾān — 81:27–28

        ________

        5 Obligation to use the mind, to think and ponder, and prohibition from blindly following the religion of one’s parents

        And such verses have a clear relation to the fourth category, since they show that one should use reason, to observe, understand and ponder, and to be independent in his thinking, and not blindly follow a religion just because of a custom or it being the religion of his/her parents. And that’s what makes one free & responsible in his decision.

        These verses are extremely abundant. According to one estimate, these verses constitute more than 1/8 of the Holy Qurʾān. I’ll mention briefly some of these verses, but to find more of them, one may either open up a random page of the Qurʾān, or use indexed dictionnaries of the Qurʾān such as the one of Muḥammad Fouād ʿAbd al-Bāqī (freely available here), or one may search for the following keywords and their derivatives: عقل, فكر، عبر، نظر، أولي الألباب، ذكر، سير (السير في الأرض)، and the words آباؤنا وآباؤنا، and other similar expressions such as علم. To keep things short in this list, I’ll include just two verses from each keyword.

        ________

        But when it is said to them, ‘Follow the message that God has sent down,’ they answer, ‘We follow the ways of our fathers.’ Even though their fathers understood nothing and were not guided?

        Qurʾān — 2:170

        ________

        when it is said to them, ‘Come to what God has sent down, and to the Messenger,’ they say, ‘What we inherited from our forefathers is good enough for us,’ even though their forefathers knew nothing and were not guided.

        Qurʾān — 5:104

        ________

        in the alternation of night and day, in the rain God provides, sending it down from the sky and reviving the dead earth with it, and in His shifting of the winds there are signs for those who use their reason.

        Qurʾān — 45:5

        ________

        [We sent them] with clear proofs and written ordinances. And We revealed to you the message that you may make clear to the people what was sent down to them and that they might give thought.

        Qurʾān — 16:44

        ________

        who remember God standing, sitting, and lying down, who reflect on the creation of the heavens and earth: ‘Our Lord! You have not created all this without purpose–– You are far above that!–– so protect us from the torment of the Fire.

        Qurʾān — 3:191

        ________

        There is a lesson in the stories of such people for those who understand. This revelation is no fabrication: it is a confirmation of the truth of what was sent before it; an explanation of everything;ᵃ a guide and a blessing for those who believe.

        Qurʾān — 12:111

        ᵃ : There are two interpretations of this phrase: (i) ‘everything to do with the story of Joseph’; and (ii) ‘everything to do with religion’.

        ________

        God alternates night and day–– there truly is a lesson in [all] this for those who have eyes to see––

        Qurʾān — 24:44

        ________

        Say, ‘Look at what is in the heavens and on the earth.’ But what use are signs and warnings to people who will not believe?

        Qurʾān — 10:101

        ________

        So let man observe from what he was created.

        Qurʾān — 86:5

        ________

        who listen to what is said and follow what is best. These are the ones God has guided; these are the people of understanding.

        Qurʾān — 39:18

        ________

        Have you not considered that God sends water down from the sky, guides it along to form springs in the earth, and then, with it, brings forth vegetation of various colours, which later withers, turns yellow before your eyes, and is crumbled to dust at His command? There is truly a reminder in this for those who have understanding.

        Qurʾān — 39:21

        ________

        and We restored his family to him, with many more like them: a sign of Our mercy and a lesson to all who understand.

        Qurʾān — 38:43

        ________

        He gives wisdom to whom He wills, and whoever has been given wisdom has certainly been given much good. And none will remember except those of understanding.

        Qurʾān — 2:269

        ________

        Say, ‘Travel throughout the earth and see how He brings life into being: and He will bring the next life into being. God has power over all things.

        Qurʾān — 29:20

        ________

        All the messengers We sent before you [Muḥammad] were men to whom We made revelations, men chosen from the people of their towns. Have the [disbelievers] not travelled through the land and seen the end of those who went before them? For those who are mindful of God, the Home in the Hereafter is better. Do you [people] not use your reason?

        Qurʾān — 12:109

        ________

        6 The purpose of Prophets and Mesengers

        Verses that restrict the functions of Prophets and Messengers (Peace be upon them) in preaching and da’wa, and to give a clear warning, without any type of compulsion or coercion, and that negates the idea that the Messengers have to be guardians and watchers over people.

        ________

        if they argue with you [Prophet], say, ‘I have devoted myself to God alone and so have my followers.’ Ask those who were given the Scripture, as well as those without one, ‘Do you too devote yourselves to Him alone?’ If they do, they will be guided, but if they turn away, your only duty is to convey the message. God is aware of His servants.

        Qurʾān — 3:20

        ________

        Obey God, obey the Messenger, and always be on your guard: if you pay no heed, bear in mind that the sole duty of Our Messenger is to deliver the message clearly.

        Qurʾān — 5:92

        ________

        The Messenger’s duty is only to deliver the message: God knows what you reveal and what you conceal.

        Qurʾān — 5:99

        ________

        Whether We let you [Prophet] see part of what We threaten them with, or cause you to die [before that], your duty is only to deliver the message: the Reckoning is Ours.

        Qurʾān — 13:40

        ________

        Those who worshipped others alongside God say, ‘If God had willed, we would not have worshipped anything but Him, nor would our fathers. We would not have declared anything forbidden without His sanction.’ Those before them said the same. Are the messengers obliged to do anything other than deliver [their message] clearly?

        Qurʾān — 16:35

        ________

        But if they turn away [Prophet], your only duty is to deliver the message clearly.

        Qurʾān — 16:82

        ________

        Say, ‘Obey God; obey the Messenger. If you turn away, [know that] he is responsible for the duty placed upon him, and you are responsible for the duty placed upon you. If you obey him, you will be rightly guided, but the Messenger’s duty is only to deliver the message clearly.’

        Qurʾān — 24:54

        If you say this is a lie, [be warned that] other communities before you said the same. The messenger’s only duty is to give clear warning.’

        Qurʾān — 29:18

        ________

        [And the messengers said: (c.f. Q.36:13-18)]

        Our duty is only to deliver the message to you,’

        Qurʾān — 36:17

        ________

        If they still turn away [remember that] We have not sent you [Prophet] to be their guardian: your only duty is to deliver the message. When We give man a taste of Our mercy, he rejoices in it, but if some harm befalls him on account of what he has done with his own hands, then he is ungrateful.

        Qurʾān — 42:48

        ________

        so obey God and the Messenger. If you turn away, remember that Our Messenger’s duty is only to make plain his message.

        Qurʾān — 64:12

        ________

        We send messengers only to give good news and to warn, so for those who believe and do good deeds there will be no fear, nor will they grieve.

        Qurʾān — 6:48

        We only send messengers to bring good news and to deliver warning, yet the disbelievers seek to refute the truth with false arguments and make fun of My messages and warnings.

        Qurʾān — 18:56

        ________

        Has it not occurred to them that their companionᵃ is not mad but is giving clear warning?

        Qurʾān — 7:184

        ᵃ : This refers to the Prophet ﷺ.

        ________

        Say [Prophet], ‘I have no control over benefit or harm, [even] to myself, except as God may please: if I had knowledge of what is hidden, I would have abundant good things and no harm could touch me. I am no more than a bearer of warning, and good news to those who believe.’

        Qurʾān — 7:188

        ________

        So [Prophet] are you going toᵃ abandon some part of what is revealed to you, and let your heart be oppressed by it, because they say, ‘Why is no treasure sent down to him? Why has no angel come with him?’? You are only there to warn; it is God who is in charge of everything.

        Qurʾān — 11:12

        ᵃ : Literally ‘Perhaps you will . . .’, but this is a challenging figure of speech.

        ________

        Say [Prophet], ‘People, I am sent only to give you clear warning.’

        Qurʾān — 22:49

        ________

        [And Noah said:]

        I am here only to give people a clear warning.’

        Qurʾān — 26:115

        ________

        You, [O Muḥammad], are not but a warner.

        Qurʾān — 35:23

        ________

        It has not been revealed to me except that I am a clear warner.’

        Qurʾān — 38:70

        ________

        Say, ‘I am nothing new among God’s messengers. I do not know what will be done with me or you; I only follow what is revealed to me; I only warn plainly.’

        Qurʾān — 46:9

        ________

        Say, ‘God alone has knowledge of this: my only duty is to give clear warning.’

        Qurʾān — 67:26

        ________

        We sent down the Qurʾān with the truth, and with the truth it has come down –– [Prophet], We sent you only to give good news and warning ––

        Qurʾān — 17:105

        ________

        We sent you only to give good news and warning.

        Qurʾān — 25:56

        ________

        And those who disbelieved say, ‘Why has a sign not been sent down to him from his Lord?’ You are only a warner, and for every people is a guide.

        Qurʾān — 13:7

        ________

        [Prophet] say, ‘I am only here to give warning. There is no god but God the One, the All Powerful, Lord of the heavens and earth and everything between, the Almighty, the Most Forgiving.’

        Qurʾān — 38:65–66

        ________

        They ask you [Prophet] about the Hour, saying, ‘When will it arrive?’, but how can you tell [them that]? Its time is known only to your Lord; you are only sent to warn those who fear it.

        Qurʾān — 79:42-45

        ________

        I am commanded to recite the Qurʾān.’ Whoever chooses to follow the right path does so for his own good. Say to whoever deviates from it, ‘I am only here to warn.’

        Qurʾān — 27:92

        ________

        So [Prophet] warn them: your only task is to give warning

        Qurʾān — 88:21

        ________

        So all of these verses restrict and limit the function of Messengers to preaching, warning, and to give good news, using expressions such as “إِنَّمَا” and expressions of negation and restriction. And there other verses that negate that Messengers use or should employ compulsion and coercion, or be guardians over people, …etc

        ________

        So [Prophet] warn them: your only task is to give warning, you are not there to control them.

        Qurʾān — 88:21–22

        ________

        We know best what the disbelievers say. You [Prophet] are not there to force them, so remind, with this Qurʾān, those who fear My warning.

        Qurʾān — 50:45

        ________

        Now clear proof has come to you from your Lord: if anyone sees it, that will be to his advantage; if anyone is blind to it, that will be to his loss –– [Say], ‘I am not your guardian.’

        Qurʾān — 6:104

        ________

        What lasts with God is best for you, if you are believers: I am not your keeper.’

        Qurʾān — 11:86

        ________

        Whoever obeys the Messenger obeys God. If some pay no heed, We have not sent you to be their keeper.

        Qurʾān — 4:80

        ________

        If it had been God’s will, they would not have done so, but We have not made you their guardian, nor are you their keeper.

        Qurʾān — 6:107

        ________

        If they still turn away [remember that] We have not sent you [Prophet] to be their guardian: your only duty is to deliver the message. When We give man a taste of Our mercy, he rejoices in it, but if some harm befalls him on account of what he has done with his own hands, then he is ungrateful.

        Qurʾān — 42:48

        ________

        yet your people still reject it even though it is the truth. Say, ‘I have not been put in charge of you.

        Qurʾān — 6:66

        ________

        Say, ‘People, the Truth has come to you from your Lord. Whoever follows the right path follows it for his own good, and whoever strays does so to his own loss: I am not your guardian.’

        Qurʾān — 10:108

        ________

        We have sent the Scripture down to you [Prophet] with the Truth for people. Whoever follows the guidance does so for his own benefit, whoever strays away from it does so at his own peril: you are not in charge of them.

        Qurʾān — 39:41

        ________

        As for those who take protectors other than Him, God is watching them; you are not responsible for them.

        Qurʾān — 42:6

        ________

        Your Lord has the most knowledge about all of you: if He pleases He will have mercy on you, and if He pleases He will punish you. [Prophet], We did not send you to take charge of them.

        Qurʾān — 17:54

        ________

        Have you seen the one who takes as his god his own desire? Then would you be responsible for him?

        Qurʾān — 25:43

        ________

        And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed – all of them entirely. Then, [O Muḥammad], would you compel the people in order that they become believers?

        Qurʾān — 10:99

        ________

        It is not for you [Prophet] to guide them; it is God who guides whoever He will. Whatever charity you give benefits your own soul, provided you do it for the sake of God: whatever you give will be repaid to you in full, and you will not be wronged.

        Qurʾān — 2:272

        ________

        Some of them look at you: but can you guide the blind if they will not see?

        Qurʾān — 10:43

        ________

        Though you [Prophet] may be eager to guide them, God does not guide those
        who misguide [others],ᵃ nor will they have anyone to help them.

        Qurʾān — 16:37

        ᵃ : C.f. verse 25 : On the Day of Resurrection they will bear the full weight of their own burden, as well as some of the burden of those they misled with no true knowledge. How terrible their burden will be!

        ________

        you cannot guide the blind out of their error: you cannot make anyone hear you except those who believe in Our signs and submit [to Us].

        Qurʾān — 27:81 – Qurʾān — 30:53

        ________

        You [Prophet] cannot guide everyone you love to the truth; it is God who guides whoever He will: He knows best those who will follow guidance.

        Qurʾān — 28:56

        ________

        Can you [Prophet] make the deaf hear? Or guide either the blind or those who are in gross error?

        Qurʾān — 43:40

        ________

        Some of them do listen to you: but can you make the deaf hear if they will not use their minds?

        Qurʾān — 10:42

        ________

        You cannot make the dead hear, you cannot make the deaf listen to your call when they turn their backs and leave,

        Qurʾān — 27:80, see also: Qurʾān — 30:52

        ________

        And not equal are the living and the dead. Indeed, God causes to hear whom He wills, but you cannot make hear those in the graves.

        Qurʾān — 35:22

        ________

        We have sent you [Prophet] with the truth, bearing good news and warning. You will not be responsible for the inhabitants of the Blaze.

        Qurʾān — 2:119

        ________

        I am commanded to recite the Qurʾān.’ Whoever chooses to follow the right path does so for his own good. Say to whoever deviates from it, ‘I am only here to warn.’

        Qurʾān — 6:52

        ________

        But if they turn away, say, ‘I have proclaimed the message fairly to you all. I do not know whether the judgement you are promised is near or far,

        Qurʾān — 21:109

        ________

        Say, ‘Obey God; obey the Messenger. If you turn away, [know that] he is responsible for the duty placed upon him, and you are responsible for the duty placed upon you. If you obey him, you will be rightly guided, but the Messenger’s duty is only to deliver the message clearly.’

        Qurʾān — 24:54

        ________

        What about those whose evil deeds are made alluring to them so that they think they are good? God leaves whoever He will to stray and guides whoever He will. [Prophet], do not waste your soul away with regret for them: God knows exactly what
        they do.

        Qurʾān — 35:8

        ________

        But [Prophet] are you going to worry yourself to death over them if they do not believe in this message?

        Qurʾān — 18:6

        ________

        [Prophet], are you going to worry yourself to death because they will not believe?

        Qurʾān — 26:3

        ________

        So leave them, [O Muḥammad], for you are not to be blamed.

        Qurʾān — 51:54

        ________

        If they disobey you, say, ‘I bear no responsibility for your actions.’

        Qurʾān — 26:216

        ________

        For the self-satisfied one you go out of your way –– though you are not to be blamed for his lack of spiritual growth ––

        Qurʾān — 80:5-7

        ________

        If they do not believe you, [Prophet], say, ‘I act for myself, and you for yourselves. You are not responsible for my actions nor am I responsible for yours.’

        Qurʾān — 10:41

        ________

        Say, ‘Everyone does things their own way, but your Lord is fully aware of who follows the best-guided path.’

        Qurʾān — 17:84

        ________

        [Prophet], say, ‘My people, you carry on as you are, and so will I: you will come to realize who will have a happy homecoming in the Hereafter.’ The evildoers will not prosper.

        Qurʾān — 6:135

        ________

        [And Shu’ayb said:]

        My people, do whatever is within your power, and I will do likewise. Soon you will know who will receive a disgraceful punishment and who is a liar. Watch out, and so will I.’

        Qurʾān — 11:93

        ________

        Say to those who do not believe, ‘Do whatever you can: we too are doing what we can,’
        and ‘Wait: we too are waiting.’

        Qurʾān — 11:121-122

        ________

        Say, ‘O my people, work according to your position, [for] indeed, I am working; and you are going to know
        To whom will come a torment disgracing him and on whom will descend an enduring punishment.’

        Qurʾān — 39:39-40

        ________

        [Prophet], say, ‘We are all waiting, so you carry on waiting: you will come to learn who has followed the even path, and been rightly guided.’

        Qurʾān — 20:135

        ________

        If they turn away, [Prophet], say ,‘God is enough for me: there is no god but Him; I put my trust in Him; He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne.’

        Qurʾān — 9:129

        ________

        7 Having a different religion does not prohibit kindness and justice

        ________

        God does not forbid you to deal kindly and justly with anyone who has not fought you for your faith or driven you out of
        your homes: God loves the just.

        But God forbids you to take as allies those who have fought against you for your faith, driven you out of your homes, and helped others to drive you out: any of you who take them as allies will truly be wrongdoers.

        Qurʾān — 60:8-9

        [The arabic word used in this verse ‘birr’ (dutiful respect and compassion) is the same word that the Prophet ﷺ commands Muslims to use in the treatment of their own parents, and he ﷺ says, ‘birr is good manners’ (Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim). This verse is—to borrow an expression used by Shaykh Yūsuf al-Qaraḍāwī—the constitution (dustūr) of relations between Muslims and non-Muslims.]

        ________

        [On the authority of Ibn Jarīr, Ibn ʿAbbās (ra) said: Some people of the Ansār that had family ties with [the tribes of] Banū Qurayẓah and al-Naḍīr, and they feared to give them charity – wanting them to convert to Islam, then this verse was revealed:]

        It is not for you [Prophet] to guide them; it is God who guides whoever He will. Whatever charity you give benefits your own soul, provided you do it for the sake of God: whatever you give will be repaid to you in full, and you will not be wronged.

        Qurʾān — 2:272

        ________

        Today all good things have been made lawful for you. The food of the People of the Book is lawful for you as your food is lawful for them. So are chaste, believing, women as well as chaste women of the people who were given the Scripture before you, as long as you have given them their bride-gifts and married them, not taking them as lovers or secret mistresses. The deeds of anyone who rejects faith will come to nothing, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers.

        Qurʾān — 5:5

        Another of His signs is that He created spouses from among yourselves for you to live with in tranquillity: He ordained love and kindness between you. There truly are signs in this for those who reflect.

        Qurʾān — 30:21

        [This last verse shows that there must be love and kindness between spouses, and the first verse from Surat Al-Māʾidah made marriage with women of the People of the Book (Christians & Jews) lawful.]

        ________

        [And about the polytheist parents:]

        If they strive to make you associate with Me anything about which you have no knowledge, then do not obey them. Yet keep their company in this life according to what is right, and follow the path of those who turn to Me. You will all return to Me in the end, and I will tell you everything that you have done.

        Qurʾān — 31:15

        ________

        You who believe, be steadfast in your devotion to God and bear witness impartially: do not let hatred of others lead you away from justice, but adhere to justice, for that is closer to awareness of God. Be mindful of God: God is well aware of all that you do.

        Qurʾān — 5:8

        ________

        God commands you [people] to return things entrusted to you to their rightful owners, and, if you judge between people, to do so with justice: God’s instructions to you are excellent, for He hears and sees everything.

        Qurʾān — 4:58

        [And Ibn Kathīr narrated in his tafsīr that Ibn ʿAbbās and Muḥammad b. al-Ḥanafiyyah said, ‘This verse is for the righteous and wicked,’ meaning it is a command that encompasses everyone.]

        ________

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    • The word “let” is not in the Arabic, so the verse is not an imperative. What it actually says is “there is no compulsion in religion…” It is a statement that true belief can’t be forced. However, this is not to say that others can’t be forced into an outward manifestation of faith, such as the pillars of Islam:
      Allah’s Apostle (Muhammad) said, “I have been ordered to fight the people till they say: ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah’. And if they say so, pray like our prayers, face our Qibla and slaughter as we slaughter, then their blood and property will be sacred to us and we will not interfere with them except legally.” Bukhari 8:387
      Even within the same sura (chapter) of the Quran that verse 256 appears, Muslims are instructed to “fight with them (non-Muslims) until there is no more persecution and religion is only for Allah. (v. 2:193)” Apologists will claim that this applied to the people of Mecca. They forget to add that the Meccans were later forcibly converted.

      Sura 2 is from the early Medinan period. It was “revealed” at a time when the Muslims had just arrived in Medina after being chased out of Mecca. They needed to stay in the good graces of the stronger tribes around them, many of which were Jewish. It was around this time, for example, that Muhammad decided to have his followers change the direction of their prayer from Mecca to Jerusalem.

      But Muslims today pray toward Mecca. The reason for this is that Muhammad issued a later command that abrogated (or nullified) the first. In fact, abrogation is a very important principle to keep in mind when interpreting the Quran – and verse 2:256 in particular – because later verses (in chronological terms) are said to abrogate any earlier ones that may be in contradiction (Quran 2:106, 16:101).

      Muhammad’s message was far closer to peace and tolerance during his early years, when he didn’t have an army and was trying to pattern his new religion after Christianity. This changed dramatically after he attained the power to conquer, which he eventually used with impunity to bring other tribes into the Muslim fold. Contrast verse 2:256 with Suras 9 and 5, which were the last “revealed,” and it is easy to see why Islam has been anything but a religion of peace from the time of Muhammad to the present day.

      Though most Muslims today reject the practice of outright forcing others into changing their religion, forced conversion has been a part of Islamic history since Muhammad first picked up a sword. As he is recorded in many places as saying, “I have been commanded to fight against people till they testify that there is no god but Allah, that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah…” (See Bukhari 2:25)

      Muhammad put his words into practice. When he marched into Mecca with an army, one of his very first tasks was to destroy idols at the Kaaba, which had been devoutly worshipped by the Arabs for centuries. By eliminating these objects of worship, he destroyed the religion of the people and supplanted it with his own. Those who would not convert were killed or evicted. Later, he ordered that Jews and Christians be expelled from Arabia. Does forcing others to choose between their homes or their faith sound like “no compulsion in religion?”

      According to Muslim historians, Muhammad eventually ordered people to attend prayers at the mosque to the point of burning alive those who didn’t comply. He also ordered that children who reached a certain age be beaten if they refused to pray.

      Interestingly, even the same contemporary Muslims who quote 2:256 usually believe in Islamic teachings that sound very much like religious compulsion. These would be the laws punishing apostasy by death (or imprisonment, for females), and the institutionalised discrimination against religious minorities under Islamic rule that is sometimes referred to as “dhimmiitude.”

      Islamic law explicitly prohibits non-Muslims from sharing their faith and even includes the extortion of money from them in the form of a tax called the jizya. Those who refuse to pay this arbitrary amount are put to death. If this isn’t compulsion, then what is?

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      • Hi @GeorgeParker

        Why are you ignoring this again? ISIS has nothing to do with Islam. Contrary to popular misconceptions, the theme of religious freedom is found in abundance in the Qurʾān. The Holy Book thus explains that, (Translations mostly from Abdel-Haleem, same for footnotes)

        1. Differences in people’s beliefs are bound to happen

        Verses that point out that the difference between people in matters of belief is a divine will from his Will, and hence it is something that happened and will continue to happen until the Day of Judgement.

        ________

        We favoured some of these messengers above others. God spoke to some; others He raised in rank; We gave Jesus, son of Mary, Our clear signs and strengthened him with the holy spirit. If God had so willed, their successors would not have fought each other after they had been brought clear signs. But they disagreed: some believed and some disbelieved. If God had so willed, they would not have fought each other, but God does what He will.

        Qurʾān — 2:253

        ________

        We sent to you [Muḥammad] the Scripture with the truth, confirming the Scriptures that came before it, and with final authority over them: so judge between them according to what God has sent down. Do not follow their whims, which deviate from the truth that has come to you. We have assigned a law and a path to each of you. If God had so willed, He would have made you one community, but He wanted to test you through that which He has given you, so race to do good: you will all return to God and He will make clear to you the matters you differed about.

        Qurʾān — 5:48

        ________

        If you find rejection by the disbelievers so hard to bear, then seek a tunnel into the ground or a ladder into the sky, if you can, and bring them a sign: God could bring them all to guidance if it were His will, so do not join the ignorant.

        Qurʾān — 6:35

        ________

        Follow what has been revealed to you from your Lord, there is no God but Him. Turn away from those who join other gods with Him.

        If it had been God’s will, they would not have done so, but We have not made you their guardian, nor are you their keeper.

        Qurʾān — 6:106–107

        ________

        Say, ‘The conclusive argument belongs to God alone. Had He so willed He would
        have guided you all.’

        Qurʾān — 6:149

        ________

        All people were originally one single community, but later they differed. If it had not been for a wordᵃ from your Lord, the preordained judgement would already have been passed between them regarding their differences.

        Qurʾān — 10:19

        ᵃ : Postponing judgement.

        ________

        And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed –– all of them entirely. Then, [O Muḥammad], would you compel the people in order that they become believers?

        Qurʾān — 10:99

        ________

        If your Lord had pleased, He would have made all people a single community, but they continue to have their differences –– except those on whom your Lord has mercy –– for He created them to be this way, and the word of your Lord is final: ‘I shall definitely fill Hell with both jinn and men.’

        Qurʾān — 11:118–119

        ________

        If there were ever to be a Qurʾān with which mountains could be moved, the earth shattered, or the dead made to speak [it would have been this one],ᵃ but everything is truly in God’s hands. Do the believers not realize that if God had so willed, He could have guided all mankind? As for the disbelievers, because of their misdeeds, disaster will not cease to afflict them or fall close to their homes until God’s promise is fulfilled: God never fails to keep His promise.

        Qurʾān — 13:31

        ᵃ : Or ‘[they still would not believe]’.

        ________

        God points out the right path, for some paths lead the wrong way: if He wished, He could guide you all.

        Qurʾān — 16:9

        ________

        If God so willed, He would have made you all one people, but He leaves to stray whoever He will and guides whoever He will. You will be questioned about your deeds.

        Qurʾān — 16:93

        ________

        We have appointed acts of devotion for every community to observe, so do not let them argue with you [Prophet] about this matter. Call them to your Lord––you are on the right path––and if they argue with you, say, ‘God is well aware of what you are doing.’

        Qurʾān — 22:67–68

        ________

        ‘If it had been Our will, We could certainly have given every soul
        its true guidance, but My words have come true. “I shall be sure to fill Hell with jinn and men together.”

        Qurʾān — 32:13

        ________

        If God had so pleased, He could have made them a single community, but He admits to His mercy whoever He will; the evildoers will have no one to protect or help them.

        Qurʾān — 42:8

        ________

        2. Judgement between people in their differences in belief is in the Day of Resurrection and not in this earthly world

        Verses that show that the decision and final judgement between people in their differences in belief isn’t in this abode but it is in the abode of the Hereafter.

        ________

        The Jews say, ‘The Christians have no ground whatsoever to stand on,’ and the Christians say, ‘The Jews have no ground whatsoever to stand on,’ though they both read the Scripture, and those who have no knowledge say the same; God will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning their differences.

        Qurʾān — 2:113

        ________

        God said, ‘Jesus, I will take you back and raise you up to Me: I will purify you of the disbelievers. To the Day of Resurrection I will make those who follow you superior to those who disbelieved. Then you will all return to Me and I will judge between you regarding your differences.

        Qurʾān — 3:55

        ________

        The [hypocrites] wait to see what happens to you and, if God brings you success, they say, ‘Were we not on your side?’ but if the disbelievers have some success, they say to them, ‘Did we not have the upper hand over you, and [yet] protect you from the believers?’ God will judge between you all on the Day of Resurrection, and He will give the disbelievers no means of overcoming the believers.

        Qurʾān — 4:141

        ________

        We sent to you [Muḥammad] the Scripture with the truth, confirming the Scriptures that came before it, and with final authority over them: so judge between them according to what God has sent down. Do not follow their whims, which deviate from the truth that has come to you. We have assigned a law and a path to each of you. If God had so willed, He would have made you one community, but He wanted to test you through that which He has given you, so race to do good: you will all return to God and He will make clear to you the matters you differed about.

        Qurʾān — 5:48

        ________

        You who believe, you are responsible for your own souls; if anyone else goes astray it will not harm you so long as you follow the guidance; you will all return to God, and He will make you realize what you have done.

        Qurʾān — 5:105

        ________

        Say, ‘I stand on clear proof from my Lord, though you deny it. What you seek to hasten is not within my power. Judgement is for God alone: He tells the truth, and He is the best of judges.’

        Say, ‘If what you seek to hasten were within my power, the matter would be settled between you and me, but God knows best who does wrong.’

        Qurʾān — 6:58–59

        ________

        He is the Supreme Master over His subjects. He sends out recorders to watch over you until, when death overtakes any of you, those sent by Us take his soul–– they never fail in their duty.

        Then they will all be returned to God, their true Lord. The Judgement truly belongs to Him, and He is the swiftest of reckoners.

        Qurʾān — 6:61–62

        ________

        We settled the Children of Israel in a good place and provided good things as sustenance for them. It was only after knowledge had come to them that they began to differ among themselves. Your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection regarding their differences.

        Qurʾān — 10:93

        ________

        [Prophet], follow what is being revealed to you, and be steadfast until God gives His
        judgement, for He is the Best of Judges.

        Qurʾān — 10:109

        ________

        The Sabbath was made obligatory only for those who differed about it. On the Day of Resurrection your Lord will judge between them as to their differences.

        Qurʾān — 16:124

        ________

        As for the believers, those who follow the Jewish faith, the Sabians, the Christians, the Magians, and the idolaters, God will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection; God witnesses all things.

        Qurʾān — 22:17

        ________

        On that Day control will belong to God: He will judge between them. Those who believe and do good deeds will be admitted to Gardens of Delight, while those who disbelieve and reject Our revelations will receive a humiliating torment.

        Qurʾān — 22:56–57

        ________

        And whoever invokes besides God another deity for which he has no proof – then his account is only with his Lord. Indeed, the disbelievers will not succeed.

        Qurʾān — 23:117

        ________

        He is God; there is no god but Him; all praise belongs to Him in this world and the next; His is the Judgement; and to Him you shall be returned.

        Qurʾān — 28:70

        ________

        [Prophet], it is your Lord who will judge between
        them on the Day of Resurrection concerning their differences.

        Qurʾān — 32:25

        ________

        Say, ‘God! Creator of the heavens and earth! Knower of all that is hidden and all that is open, You will judge between Your servants regarding their differences.’

        Qurʾān — 39:46

        ________

        [They will be told], ‘This is all because when God alone was invoked you rejected this, yet when others were associated with Him you believed [in them].’ Judgement belongs to God the Most High, the Most Great.

        Qurʾān — 40:12

        ________

        Whatever you may differ about is for God to judge. [Say], ‘Such is God, my Lord. In Him I trust and to
        Him I turn,

        Qurʾān — 42:10

        ________

        How can they believe in others who ordain for them things which God has not sanctioned in the practice of their faith? If it were not for God’s decree concerning the final Decision, judgement would already have been made between them. The evildoers will have a grievous punishment––

        Qurʾān — 42:21

        ________

        Neither your kinsfolk nor your children will be any use to you on
        the Day of Resurrection: He will separate you out. God sees everything you do.

        Qurʾān — 60:3

        ________

        Indeed, to Us is their return.

        Then indeed, upon Us is their account.

        Qurʾān — 88:25–26

        ________

        3. Compulsion and coercion is prohibited, and it is the way of the unbelievers and believers are its victims

        Verses that prohibit compulsion in religion and that show that it is the way of the unbelievers –– and not Prophets and their followers –– who use different methods such as compulsion, torture, slaughter, stoning, expulsion from homes, …etc to oppress believers to make them revert from their religion.

        ________

        There is no compulsion in religion: true guidance has become distinct from error, so whoever rejects false gods and believes in God has grasped the firmest hand-hold, one that will never break. God is all hearing and all knowing.

        Qurʾān — 2:256

        ________

        And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed – all of them entirely. Then, [O Muḥammad], would you compel the people in order that they become believers?

        Qurʾān — 10:99

        ________

        He said, ‘O my people have you considered: if I should be upon clear evidence from my Lord while He has given me mercy from Himself but it has been made unapparent to you, should we force it upon you while you are averse to it?

        Qurʾān — 11:28

        ________

        His people’s arrogant leaders said, ‘Shu’ayb, we will expel you and your fellow believers from our town unless you return to our religion.’ He said, ‘What! Even if we detest it?

        Qurʾān — 7:88

        ________

        With the exception of those who are forced to say they do not believe, although their hearts remain firm in faith, those who reject God after believing in Him and open their hearts to disbelief will have the wrath of God upon them and a grievous punishment awaiting them.

        Qurʾān — 16:106

        ________

        [The people of Shu’ayb said to him:]

        They said, ‘Shu’ayb, we do not understand much of what you
        say, and we find you very weak in our midst. But for your family, we
        would have stoned you, for you have no great status among us.’

        Qurʾān — 11:91

        ________

        [The father of Abraham said to him:]

        His father answered, ‘Abraham, do you reject my gods? I will stone you if you do not stop this. Keep out of my way!’

        Qurʾān — 19:46

        ________

        [And the people of the two of Antakiya said to their prophets:]

        but they answered, ‘We think you are an evil omen. If you do not stop, we shall stone you, and inflict a painful torment on you.’

        Qurʾān — 36:18

        ________

        [And one amongst the companions of the cave said about his polytheist people:]

        Indeed, if they come to know of you, they will stone you or return you to their religion. And never would you succeed, then – ever.

        Qurʾān — 18:20

        ________

        [And the people of Noah said to him:]

        So they said, ‘Noah, if you do not stop this, you will be stoned.’

        Qurʾān — 26:116

        ________

        [And in the Qurʾān the attrocities of Pharaoh – such as his execution and slaughtering of those who believed with Moses – were mentioned in many instances.]

        Remember when We saved you from Pharaoh’s people, who subjected you to terrible torment, slaughtering your sons and sparing only your women––this was a great trial from your Lord––

        Qurʾān — 2:49

        ________

        damned were the makers of the trench, the makers of the fuel-stoked fire! They sat down to watch what they were doing to the believers. Their only grievance against them was their faith in God, the Mighty, the Praiseworthy, to whom all control over the heavens and earth belongs: God is witness over all things.

        Qurʾān — 85:4-9

        ________

        The disbelievers said to their messengers, ‘We shall expel you from our land unless you return to our religion.’ But their Lord inspired the messengers: ‘We shall destroy the evildoers, and leave you to dwell in the land after them. This reward is for those who are in awe of meeting Me, and of My warnings.’

        Qurʾān — 14:13–14

        ________

        [And about the people of Lot:]

        The only answer his people gave was to say, ‘Expel Lot’s followers from your town! These men mean to stay chaste!’

        Qurʾān — 27:56

        The only response his people gave was to say [to one another], ‘Drive them out of your town! These men want to keep themselves chaste!’

        Qurʾān — 7:82

        ________

        [Prophet], consider the leaders of the Children of Israel who came after Moses, when they said to one of their prophets, ‘Set up a king for us and we shall fight in God’s cause.’ He said, ‘But could it be that you would not fight, if it were ordained for you?’ They said, ‘How could we not fight in God’s cause when we and our children have been driven out of our homeland?’ Yet when they were commanded to fight, all but a few of them turned away: God has full knowledge of those who do wrong.

        Qurʾān — 2:246

        ________

        [And about the expulsion of the Prophet ﷺ from Makkah:]

        And indeed, they were about to drive you from the land to evict you therefrom. And then [when they do], they will not remain [there] after you, except for a little.

        Qurʾān — 17:76

        And [remember, O Muḥammad], when those who disbelieved plotted against you to restrain you or kill you or evict you [from Makkah]. But they plan, and God plans. And God is the best of planners.

        Qurʾān — 8:30

        You who believe, do not take My enemies and yours as your allies, showing them friendship when they have rejected the truth you have received, and have driven you and the Messenger out simply because you believe in God, your Lord –– not if you truly emigrated in order to strive for My cause and seek My good pleasure. You secretly show them friendship –– I know all you conceal and all you reveal –– but any of you who do this are straying from the right path. If they gain the upper hand over you, they will revert to being your enemies and stretch out their hands and tongues to harm you; it is their dearest wish that you may renounce your faith.

        Qurʾān — 60:1–2

        ________

        [About the believers amongst the followers of Muḥammad ﷺ]

        those who have been driven unjustly from their homes only for saying, ‘Our Lord is God.’ If God did not repel some people by means of others, many monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques, where God’s name is much invoked, would have been destroyed. God is sure to help those who help His cause –– God is strong and mighty ––

        Qurʾān — 22:40

        [… and about it:]

        Their Lord has answered them: ‘I will not allow the deeds of any one of you to be lost, whether you are male or female, each is like the other [in rewards]. I will certainly wipe out the bad deeds of those who emigrated and were driven out of their homes, who suffered harm for My cause, who fought and were killed. I will certainly admit them to Gardens graced with flowing streams, as a reward from God: the best reward is with God.’

        Qurʾān — 3:195

        The poor emigrants who were driven from their homes and possessions, who seek God’s favour and approval, those who help God and His Messenger –– these are the ones who are true –– [shall have a share].

        Qurʾān — 59:8

        But God forbids you to take as allies those who have fought against you for your faith, driven you out of your homes, and helped others to drive you out: any of you who take them as allies will truly be wrongdoers.

        Qurʾān — 60:9

        Fight in God’s cause against those who fight you, but do not overstep the limits:ᵃ God does not love those who overstep the limits. Kill them wherever you encounter them,ᵇ and drive them out from where they drove you out, for persecution is more serious than killing.ᶜ Do not fight them at the Sacred Mosque unless they fight you there. If they do fight you, kill them –– this is what such disbelievers deserve –– but if they stop, then God is most forgiving and merciful. Fight them until there is no more persecution, and worshipᵈ ᵉ is devoted to God. If they cease hostilities, there can be no [further] hostility, except towards aggressors.

        Qurʾān — 2:190–193

        ᵃ : The Arabic command la ta’tadu is so general that commentators have agreed that it includes prohibition of starting hostilities, fighting non-combatants, disproportionate response to aggression, etc.
        ᵇ : The Muslims were concerned as to whether it was permitted to retaliate when attacked within the sacred precincts in Mecca when on pilgrimage (see Q.2:196). They are here given permission to fight back wherever they encounter their attackers, in the precinct or outside it.
        ᶜ : ‘Persecuting you unlawfully is worse than you killing them in the precincts in self-defence.’ The article al- in Arabic sometimes takes the place of a pronoun, as here ‘their persecution’ and ‘your killing them’, it is not the generic al-, cf. Q.2:217. See also Q.2:217 below.
        ᵈ : Worship at the sacred mosque.
        ᵉ : Cf. Q.8:39 and note ᶜ to Q.2:191 above.

        .

        They ask you [Prophet] about fighting in the prohibited month. Say, ‘Fighting in that month is a great offence, but to bar others from God’s path, to disbelieve in Him, prevent access to the Sacred Mosque, and expel its people, are still greater offences in God’s eyes: persecution is worse than killing.’ᵃ They will not stop fighting you [believers] until they make you revoke your faith, if they can. If any of you revoke your faith and die as disbelievers, your deeds will come to nothing in this world and the Hereafter, and you will be inhabitants of the Fire, there to remain.

        Qurʾān — 2:217

        ᵃ : To persecute people for believing in God is a worse offence than for the aggrieved party to fight back in the prohibited month. This further explains verse 191.

        ________

        [And concerning the persecution of prophets and messengers mentally and physically, the Qur’an points out that everyone of them suffered from these, …]

        but We have always appointed adversaries from the wicked, for every prophet: Your Lord is sufficient guide and helper.

        Qurʾān — 25:31

        [… and they range from threat to death, passing by torture, expulsion to humiliation. We’ll list here some few examples: Starting with Abraham:]

        They said, ‘Burn him and avenge your gods, if you are going to do the right thing.’ But We said, ‘Fire, be cool and safe for Abraham.’ They planned to harm him, but We made them suffer the greatest loss.

        Qurʾān — 21:68-70

        The only answer Abraham’s people gave was, ‘Kill him or burn him!’ but God saved him from the Fire: there truly are signs in this for people who believe.

        Qurʾān — 29:24

        ________

        [And about Noah:]

        So they said, ‘Noah, if you do not stop this, you will be stoned.’

        Qurʾān — 26:116

        ________

        [And Pharaoh threatened Moses with prison:]

        [Pharaoh] said, ‘If you take a god other than me, I will surely place you among those imprisoned.’

        Qurʾān — 26:29

        ________

        [And Lot was threatened with expulsion from his home:]

        but they replied, ‘Lot! If you do not stop this, you will be driven away.’

        Qurʾān — 26:167

        ________

        4 The Human being is free and responsible for his actions

        Verses that point out that the human being is free in his choice of the religion he wishes, if he wills he believes, and if he wills he disbelieves, and that he is responsible for his choice in front of God ﷻ.

        ________

        Say [Prophet], ‘Disbelievers: I do not worship what you worship, you do not worship what I worship, I will never worship what you worship, you will never worship what I worship:ᵃ you have your religion and I have mine.’

        Qurʾān — 109:1-6

        ᵃ : If you keep to your present gods (see Zamakhshari, al-Kashshaf, vol. iv)

        ________

        Say, ‘Now the truth has come from your Lord: let those who wish to believe in it do so, and let those who wish to reject it do so.’ We have prepared a Fire for the wrongdoers that will envelop them from all sides. If they call for relief, they will be relieved with water like molten metal, scalding their faces. What a terrible drink! What a painful resting place!

        Qurʾān — 18:29

        ________

        Whoever accepts guidance does so for his own good; whoever strays does so at his own peril. No soul will bear another’s burden, nor do We punish until We have sent a messenger.

        Qurʾān — 17:15

        ________

        We said, ‘Get out, all of you! But when guidance comes from Me, as it certainly will, there will be no fear for those who follow My guidance nor will they grieve –– those who disbelieve and deny Our messages shall be the inhabitants of the Fire, and there they will remain.’

        Qurʾān — 2:38–39

        ________

        So if they believe like you do, they will be rightly guided. But if they turn their backs, then they will be entrenched in opposition. God will protect you from them: He is the All Hearing, the All Knowing.

        Qurʾān — 2:137

        ________

        if they argue with you [Prophet], say, ‘I have devoted myselfᵈ to God alone and so have my followers.’ Ask those who were given the Scripture, as well as those without one, ‘Do you too devote yourselves to Him alone?’ If they do, they will be guided, but if they turn away, your only duty is to convey the message. God is aware of His servants.

        Qurʾān — 3:20

        ᵈ : Literally ‘submitted my face’.

        ________

        Everything in the heavens and the earth belongs to God. We have commanded those who were given the Scripture before you, and We command you, to be mindful of God. Even if you do ignore Him, everything in the heavens and the earth belongs to Him, and He is self-sufficient, worthy of all praise.

        Qurʾān — 4:131

        ________

        Now clear proof has come to you from your Lord: if anyone sees it, that will be to his advantage; if anyone is blind to it, that will be to his loss –– [Say], ‘I am not your guardian.’

        Qurʾān — 6:104

        ________

        Say, ‘People, the Truth has come to you from your Lord. Whoever follows the right path follows it for his own good, and whoever strays does so to his own loss: I am not your guardian.’

        Qurʾān — 10:108

        ________

        [Say, Prophet], ‘Worship no one but God. I am sent to you from Him to warn and to give good news. Ask your Lord for forgiveness, then turn back to Him. He will grant you wholesome enjoyment until an appointed time, and give His grace to everyone who has merit. But if you turn away, I fear you will have torment on a terrible Day: it is to God that you will all return, and He has power over everything.’

        Qurʾān — 11:2-4

        And Moses said, ‘If you should disbelieve, you and whoever is on the earth entirely – indeed, God is Free of need and Praiseworthy.’

        Qurʾān — 14:8

        ________

        Say, ‘Everyone does things their own way, but your Lord is fully aware of who follows the best-guided path.’

        Qurʾān — 17:84

        ________

        I am commanded to recite the Qurʾān.’ Whoever chooses to follow the right path does so for his own good. Say to whoever deviates from it, ‘I am only here to warn.’

        Qurʾān — 27:92

        ________

        [Prophet], stand firm in your devotion to the upright religion, before an irresistible Day comes from God. On that Day, mankind will be divided: those who rejected the truth will bear the burden of that rejection, and those who did good deeds will have made good provision for themselves.

        Qurʾān — 30:43–44

        ________

        We endowed Luqman with wisdom: ‘Be thankful to God: whoever gives thanks benefits his own soul, and as for those who are thankless––God is self-sufficient, worthy of all praise.’

        Qurʾān — 31:12

        ________

        Whoever directs himselfᵇ wholly to God and does good work has grasped the surest handhold, for the outcome of everything is with God. As for those who refuse to do this, do not let their refusal sadden you [Prophet] –– they will return to Us and We shall tell them what they have done: God knows all that hearts contain ––

        Qurʾān — 31:22–23

        ᵇ : Literally ‘his face’.

        ________

        it is He who made you [people] successors to the land. Those who deny the truth will bear the consequences: their denial will only make them more odious to their Lord, and add only to their loss.

        Qurʾān — 35:39

        ________

        If you are ungrateful, remember God has no need of you, yet He is not pleased by ingratitude in His servants; if you are grateful, He is pleased [to see] it in you. No soul will bear another’s burden. You will return to your Lord in the end and He will inform you of what you have done: He knows well what is in the depths of [your] hearts.

        Qurʾān — 39:7

        ________

        Say, ‘It is God I serve, dedicating my worship entirely to Him –– you may serve whatever you please beside Him.’ Say, ‘The true losers are the ones who will lose themselves and their people on the Day of Resurrection: that is the most obvious loss.

        Qurʾān — 39:14–15

        ________

        Indeed, We created man from a sperm-drop mixture that We may try him; and We made him hearing and seeing. Indeed, We guided him to the way, be he grateful or be he ungrateful.

        Qurʾān — 76:2–3

        ________

        by the soul and how He formed it and inspired it [to know] its own rebellion and piety! The one who purifies his soul succeeds and the one who corrupts it fails.

        Qurʾān — 91:7-10

        ________

        By the enshrouding night, by the radiant day, by His creation of male and female! The ways you take differ greatly. There is the one who gives, who is mindful of God, who testifies to goodness –– We shall smooth his way towards ease. There is the one who is miserly, who is self-satisfied, who denies goodness –– We shall smooth his way towards hardship and his wealth will not help him as he falls.

        Our part is to provide guidance –– this world and the next belong to Us –– so I warn you about the raging Fire, in which none but the most wicked one will burn, who denied [the truth], and turned away. The most pious one will be spared this –– who gives his wealth away as self-purification, not to return a favour to anyone but for the sake of his Lord the Most High –– and he will be well pleased.

        Qurʾān — 92:1-21

        ________

        This is a reminder. Let whoever wishes take the way to his Lord.

        Qurʾān — 73:19 – 76:29

        but truly this is a reminder. Let whoever wishes to take heed do so:

        Qurʾān — 74:54–55

        This is a message for all people; for those who wish to take the straight path.

        Qurʾān — 81:27–28

        ________

        5 Obligation to use the mind, to think and ponder, and prohibition from blindly following the religion of one’s parents

        And such verses have a clear relation to the fourth category, since they show that one should use reason, to observe, understand and ponder, and to be independent in his thinking, and not blindly follow a religion just because of a custom or it being the religion of his/her parents. And that’s what makes one free & responsible in his decision.

        These verses are extremely abundant. According to one estimate, these verses constitute more than 1/8 of the Holy Qurʾān. I’ll mention briefly some of these verses, but to find more of them, one may either open up a random page of the Qurʾān, or use indexed dictionnaries of the Qurʾān such as the one of Muḥammad Fouād ʿAbd al-Bāqī (freely available here), or one may search for the following keywords and their derivatives: عقل, فكر، عبر، نظر، أولي الألباب، ذكر، سير (السير في الأرض)، and the words آباؤنا وآباؤنا، and other similar expressions such as علم. To keep things short in this list, I’ll include just two verses from each keyword.

        ________

        But when it is said to them, ‘Follow the message that God has sent down,’ they answer, ‘We follow the ways of our fathers.’ Even though their fathers understood nothing and were not guided?

        Qurʾān — 2:170

        ________

        when it is said to them, ‘Come to what God has sent down, and to the Messenger,’ they say, ‘What we inherited from our forefathers is good enough for us,’ even though their forefathers knew nothing and were not guided.

        Qurʾān — 5:104

        ________

        in the alternation of night and day, in the rain God provides, sending it down from the sky and reviving the dead earth with it, and in His shifting of the winds there are signs for those who use their reason.

        Qurʾān — 45:5

        ________

        [We sent them] with clear proofs and written ordinances. And We revealed to you the message that you may make clear to the people what was sent down to them and that they might give thought.

        Qurʾān — 16:44

        ________

        who remember God standing, sitting, and lying down, who reflect on the creation of the heavens and earth: ‘Our Lord! You have not created all this without purpose–– You are far above that!–– so protect us from the torment of the Fire.

        Qurʾān — 3:191

        ________

        There is a lesson in the stories of such people for those who understand. This revelation is no fabrication: it is a confirmation of the truth of what was sent before it; an explanation of everything;ᵃ a guide and a blessing for those who believe.

        Qurʾān — 12:111

        ᵃ : There are two interpretations of this phrase: (i) ‘everything to do with the story of Joseph’; and (ii) ‘everything to do with religion’.

        ________

        God alternates night and day–– there truly is a lesson in [all] this for those who have eyes to see––

        Qurʾān — 24:44

        ________

        Say, ‘Look at what is in the heavens and on the earth.’ But what use are signs and warnings to people who will not believe?

        Qurʾān — 10:101

        ________

        So let man observe from what he was created.

        Qurʾān — 86:5

        ________

        who listen to what is said and follow what is best. These are the ones God has guided; these are the people of understanding.

        Qurʾān — 39:18

        ________

        Have you not considered that God sends water down from the sky, guides it along to form springs in the earth, and then, with it, brings forth vegetation of various colours, which later withers, turns yellow before your eyes, and is crumbled to dust at His command? There is truly a reminder in this for those who have understanding.

        Qurʾān — 39:21

        ________

        and We restored his family to him, with many more like them: a sign of Our mercy and a lesson to all who understand.

        Qurʾān — 38:43

        ________

        He gives wisdom to whom He wills, and whoever has been given wisdom has certainly been given much good. And none will remember except those of understanding.

        Qurʾān — 2:269

        ________

        Say, ‘Travel throughout the earth and see how He brings life into being: and He will bring the next life into being. God has power over all things.

        Qurʾān — 29:20

        ________

        All the messengers We sent before you [Muḥammad] were men to whom We made revelations, men chosen from the people of their towns. Have the [disbelievers] not travelled through the land and seen the end of those who went before them? For those who are mindful of God, the Home in the Hereafter is better. Do you [people] not use your reason?

        Qurʾān — 12:109

        ________

        6 The purpose of Prophets and Mesengers

        Verses that restrict the functions of Prophets and Messengers (Peace be upon them) in preaching and da’wa, and to give a clear warning, without any type of compulsion or coercion, and that negates the idea that the Messengers have to be guardians and watchers over people.

        ________

        if they argue with you [Prophet], say, ‘I have devoted myself to God alone and so have my followers.’ Ask those who were given the Scripture, as well as those without one, ‘Do you too devote yourselves to Him alone?’ If they do, they will be guided, but if they turn away, your only duty is to convey the message. God is aware of His servants.

        Qurʾān — 3:20

        ________

        Obey God, obey the Messenger, and always be on your guard: if you pay no heed, bear in mind that the sole duty of Our Messenger is to deliver the message clearly.

        Qurʾān — 5:92

        ________

        The Messenger’s duty is only to deliver the message: God knows what you reveal and what you conceal.

        Qurʾān — 5:99

        ________

        Whether We let you [Prophet] see part of what We threaten them with, or cause you to die [before that], your duty is only to deliver the message: the Reckoning is Ours.

        Qurʾān — 13:40

        ________

        Those who worshipped others alongside God say, ‘If God had willed, we would not have worshipped anything but Him, nor would our fathers. We would not have declared anything forbidden without His sanction.’ Those before them said the same. Are the messengers obliged to do anything other than deliver [their message] clearly?

        Qurʾān — 16:35

        ________

        But if they turn away [Prophet], your only duty is to deliver the message clearly.

        Qurʾān — 16:82

        ________

        Say, ‘Obey God; obey the Messenger. If you turn away, [know that] he is responsible for the duty placed upon him, and you are responsible for the duty placed upon you. If you obey him, you will be rightly guided, but the Messenger’s duty is only to deliver the message clearly.’

        Qurʾān — 24:54

        If you say this is a lie, [be warned that] other communities before you said the same. The messenger’s only duty is to give clear warning.’

        Qurʾān — 29:18

        ________

        [And the messengers said: (c.f. Q.36:13-18)]

        Our duty is only to deliver the message to you,’

        Qurʾān — 36:17

        ________

        If they still turn away [remember that] We have not sent you [Prophet] to be their guardian: your only duty is to deliver the message. When We give man a taste of Our mercy, he rejoices in it, but if some harm befalls him on account of what he has done with his own hands, then he is ungrateful.

        Qurʾān — 42:48

        ________

        so obey God and the Messenger. If you turn away, remember that Our Messenger’s duty is only to make plain his message.

        Qurʾān — 64:12

        ________

        We send messengers only to give good news and to warn, so for those who believe and do good deeds there will be no fear, nor will they grieve.

        Qurʾān — 6:48

        We only send messengers to bring good news and to deliver warning, yet the disbelievers seek to refute the truth with false arguments and make fun of My messages and warnings.

        Qurʾān — 18:56

        ________

        Has it not occurred to them that their companionᵃ is not mad but is giving clear warning?

        Qurʾān — 7:184

        ᵃ : This refers to the Prophet ﷺ.

        ________

        Say [Prophet], ‘I have no control over benefit or harm, [even] to myself, except as God may please: if I had knowledge of what is hidden, I would have abundant good things and no harm could touch me. I am no more than a bearer of warning, and good news to those who believe.’

        Qurʾān — 7:188

        ________

        So [Prophet] are you going toᵃ abandon some part of what is revealed to you, and let your heart be oppressed by it, because they say, ‘Why is no treasure sent down to him? Why has no angel come with him?’? You are only there to warn; it is God who is in charge of everything.

        Qurʾān — 11:12

        ᵃ : Literally ‘Perhaps you will . . .’, but this is a challenging figure of speech.

        ________

        Say [Prophet], ‘People, I am sent only to give you clear warning.’

        Qurʾān — 22:49

        ________

        [And Noah said:]

        I am here only to give people a clear warning.’

        Qurʾān — 26:115

        ________

        You, [O Muḥammad], are not but a warner.

        Qurʾān — 35:23

        ________

        It has not been revealed to me except that I am a clear warner.’

        Qurʾān — 38:70

        ________

        Say, ‘I am nothing new among God’s messengers. I do not know what will be done with me or you; I only follow what is revealed to me; I only warn plainly.’

        Qurʾān — 46:9

        ________

        Say, ‘God alone has knowledge of this: my only duty is to give clear warning.’

        Qurʾān — 67:26

        ________

        We sent down the Qurʾān with the truth, and with the truth it has come down –– [Prophet], We sent you only to give good news and warning ––

        Qurʾān — 17:105

        ________

        We sent you only to give good news and warning.

        Qurʾān — 25:56

        ________

        And those who disbelieved say, ‘Why has a sign not been sent down to him from his Lord?’ You are only a warner, and for every people is a guide.

        Qurʾān — 13:7

        ________

        [Prophet] say, ‘I am only here to give warning. There is no god but God the One, the All Powerful, Lord of the heavens and earth and everything between, the Almighty, the Most Forgiving.’

        Qurʾān — 38:65–66

        ________

        They ask you [Prophet] about the Hour, saying, ‘When will it arrive?’, but how can you tell [them that]? Its time is known only to your Lord; you are only sent to warn those who fear it.

        Qurʾān — 79:42-45

        ________

        I am commanded to recite the Qurʾān.’ Whoever chooses to follow the right path does so for his own good. Say to whoever deviates from it, ‘I am only here to warn.’

        Qurʾān — 27:92

        ________

        So [Prophet] warn them: your only task is to give warning

        Qurʾān — 88:21

        ________

        So all of these verses restrict and limit the function of Messengers to preaching, warning, and to give good news, using expressions such as “إِنَّمَا” and expressions of negation and restriction. And there other verses that negate that Messengers use or should employ compulsion and coercion, or be guardians over people, …etc

        ________

        So [Prophet] warn them: your only task is to give warning, you are not there to control them.

        Qurʾān — 88:21–22

        ________

        We know best what the disbelievers say. You [Prophet] are not there to force them, so remind, with this Qurʾān, those who fear My warning.

        Qurʾān — 50:45

        ________

        Now clear proof has come to you from your Lord: if anyone sees it, that will be to his advantage; if anyone is blind to it, that will be to his loss –– [Say], ‘I am not your guardian.’

        Qurʾān — 6:104

        ________

        What lasts with God is best for you, if you are believers: I am not your keeper.’

        Qurʾān — 11:86

        ________

        Whoever obeys the Messenger obeys God. If some pay no heed, We have not sent you to be their keeper.

        Qurʾān — 4:80

        ________

        If it had been God’s will, they would not have done so, but We have not made you their guardian, nor are you their keeper.

        Qurʾān — 6:107

        ________

        If they still turn away [remember that] We have not sent you [Prophet] to be their guardian: your only duty is to deliver the message. When We give man a taste of Our mercy, he rejoices in it, but if some harm befalls him on account of what he has done with his own hands, then he is ungrateful.

        Qurʾān — 42:48

        ________

        yet your people still reject it even though it is the truth. Say, ‘I have not been put in charge of you.

        Qurʾān — 6:66

        ________

        Say, ‘People, the Truth has come to you from your Lord. Whoever follows the right path follows it for his own good, and whoever strays does so to his own loss: I am not your guardian.’

        Qurʾān — 10:108

        ________

        We have sent the Scripture down to you [Prophet] with the Truth for people. Whoever follows the guidance does so for his own benefit, whoever strays away from it does so at his own peril: you are not in charge of them.

        Qurʾān — 39:41

        ________

        As for those who take protectors other than Him, God is watching them; you are not responsible for them.

        Qurʾān — 42:6

        ________

        Your Lord has the most knowledge about all of you: if He pleases He will have mercy on you, and if He pleases He will punish you. [Prophet], We did not send you to take charge of them.

        Qurʾān — 17:54

        ________

        Have you seen the one who takes as his god his own desire? Then would you be responsible for him?

        Qurʾān — 25:43

        ________

        And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed – all of them entirely. Then, [O Muḥammad], would you compel the people in order that they become believers?

        Qurʾān — 10:99

        ________

        It is not for you [Prophet] to guide them; it is God who guides whoever He will. Whatever charity you give benefits your own soul, provided you do it for the sake of God: whatever you give will be repaid to you in full, and you will not be wronged.

        Qurʾān — 2:272

        ________

        Some of them look at you: but can you guide the blind if they will not see?

        Qurʾān — 10:43

        ________

        Though you [Prophet] may be eager to guide them, God does not guide those
        who misguide [others],ᵃ nor will they have anyone to help them.

        Qurʾān — 16:37

        ᵃ : C.f. verse 25 : On the Day of Resurrection they will bear the full weight of their own burden, as well as some of the burden of those they misled with no true knowledge. How terrible their burden will be!

        ________

        you cannot guide the blind out of their error: you cannot make anyone hear you except those who believe in Our signs and submit [to Us].

        Qurʾān — 27:81 – Qurʾān — 30:53

        ________

        You [Prophet] cannot guide everyone you love to the truth; it is God who guides whoever He will: He knows best those who will follow guidance.

        Qurʾān — 28:56

        ________

        Can you [Prophet] make the deaf hear? Or guide either the blind or those who are in gross error?

        Qurʾān — 43:40

        ________

        Some of them do listen to you: but can you make the deaf hear if they will not use their minds?

        Qurʾān — 10:42

        ________

        You cannot make the dead hear, you cannot make the deaf listen to your call when they turn their backs and leave,

        Qurʾān — 27:80, see also: Qurʾān — 30:52

        ________

        And not equal are the living and the dead. Indeed, God causes to hear whom He wills, but you cannot make hear those in the graves.

        Qurʾān — 35:22

        ________

        We have sent you [Prophet] with the truth, bearing good news and warning. You will not be responsible for the inhabitants of the Blaze.

        Qurʾān — 2:119

        ________

        I am commanded to recite the Qurʾān.’ Whoever chooses to follow the right path does so for his own good. Say to whoever deviates from it, ‘I am only here to warn.’

        Qurʾān — 6:52

        ________

        But if they turn away, say, ‘I have proclaimed the message fairly to you all. I do not know whether the judgement you are promised is near or far,

        Qurʾān — 21:109

        ________

        Say, ‘Obey God; obey the Messenger. If you turn away, [know that] he is responsible for the duty placed upon him, and you are responsible for the duty placed upon you. If you obey him, you will be rightly guided, but the Messenger’s duty is only to deliver the message clearly.’

        Qurʾān — 24:54

        ________

        What about those whose evil deeds are made alluring to them so that they think they are good? God leaves whoever He will to stray and guides whoever He will. [Prophet], do not waste your soul away with regret for them: God knows exactly what
        they do.

        Qurʾān — 35:8

        ________

        But [Prophet] are you going to worry yourself to death over them if they do not believe in this message?

        Qurʾān — 18:6

        ________

        [Prophet], are you going to worry yourself to death because they will not believe?

        Qurʾān — 26:3

        ________

        So leave them, [O Muḥammad], for you are not to be blamed.

        Qurʾān — 51:54

        ________

        If they disobey you, say, ‘I bear no responsibility for your actions.’

        Qurʾān — 26:216

        ________

        For the self-satisfied one you go out of your way –– though you are not to be blamed for his lack of spiritual growth ––

        Qurʾān — 80:5-7

        ________

        If they do not believe you, [Prophet], say, ‘I act for myself, and you for yourselves. You are not responsible for my actions nor am I responsible for yours.’

        Qurʾān — 10:41

        ________

        Say, ‘Everyone does things their own way, but your Lord is fully aware of who follows the best-guided path.’

        Qurʾān — 17:84

        ________

        [Prophet], say, ‘My people, you carry on as you are, and so will I: you will come to realize who will have a happy homecoming in the Hereafter.’ The evildoers will not prosper.

        Qurʾān — 6:135

        ________

        [And Shu’ayb said:]

        My people, do whatever is within your power, and I will do likewise. Soon you will know who will receive a disgraceful punishment and who is a liar. Watch out, and so will I.’

        Qurʾān — 11:93

        ________

        Say to those who do not believe, ‘Do whatever you can: we too are doing what we can,’
        and ‘Wait: we too are waiting.’

        Qurʾān — 11:121-122

        ________

        Say, ‘O my people, work according to your position, [for] indeed, I am working; and you are going to know
        To whom will come a torment disgracing him and on whom will descend an enduring punishment.’

        Qurʾān — 39:39-40

        ________

        [Prophet], say, ‘We are all waiting, so you carry on waiting: you will come to learn who has followed the even path, and been rightly guided.’

        Qurʾān — 20:135

        ________

        If they turn away, [Prophet], say ,‘God is enough for me: there is no god but Him; I put my trust in Him; He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne.’

        Qurʾān — 9:129

        ________

        7 Having a different religion does not prohibit kindness and justice

        ________

        God does not forbid you to deal kindly and justly with anyone who has not fought you for your faith or driven you out of
        your homes: God loves the just.

        But God forbids you to take as allies those who have fought against you for your faith, driven you out of your homes, and helped others to drive you out: any of you who take them as allies will truly be wrongdoers.

        Qurʾān — 60:8-9

        [The arabic word used in this verse ‘birr’ (dutiful respect and compassion) is the same word that the Prophet ﷺ commands Muslims to use in the treatment of their own parents, and he ﷺ says, ‘birr is good manners’ (Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim). This verse is—to borrow an expression used by Shaykh Yūsuf al-Qaraḍāwī—the constitution (dustūr) of relations between Muslims and non-Muslims.]

        ________

        [On the authority of Ibn Jarīr, Ibn ʿAbbās (ra) said: Some people of the Ansār that had family ties with [the tribes of] Banū Qurayẓah and al-Naḍīr, and they feared to give them charity – wanting them to convert to Islam, then this verse was revealed:]

        It is not for you [Prophet] to guide them; it is God who guides whoever He will. Whatever charity you give benefits your own soul, provided you do it for the sake of God: whatever you give will be repaid to you in full, and you will not be wronged.

        Qurʾān — 2:272

        ________

        Today all good things have been made lawful for you. The food of the People of the Book is lawful for you as your food is lawful for them. So are chaste, believing, women as well as chaste women of the people who were given the Scripture before you, as long as you have given them their bride-gifts and married them, not taking them as lovers or secret mistresses. The deeds of anyone who rejects faith will come to nothing, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers.

        Qurʾān — 5:5

        Another of His signs is that He created spouses from among yourselves for you to live with in tranquillity: He ordained love and kindness between you. There truly are signs in this for those who reflect.

        Qurʾān — 30:21

        [This last verse shows that there must be love and kindness between spouses, and the first verse from Surat Al-Māʾidah made marriage with women of the People of the Book (Christians & Jews) lawful.]

        ________

        [And about the polytheist parents:]

        If they strive to make you associate with Me anything about which you have no knowledge, then do not obey them. Yet keep their company in this life according to what is right, and follow the path of those who turn to Me. You will all return to Me in the end, and I will tell you everything that you have done.

        Qurʾān — 31:15

        ________

        You who believe, be steadfast in your devotion to God and bear witness impartially: do not let hatred of others lead you away from justice, but adhere to justice, for that is closer to awareness of God. Be mindful of God: God is well aware of all that you do.

        Qurʾān — 5:8

        ________

        God commands you [people] to return things entrusted to you to their rightful owners, and, if you judge between people, to do so with justice: God’s instructions to you are excellent, for He hears and sees everything.

        Qurʾān — 4:58

        [And Ibn Kathīr narrated in his tafsīr that Ibn ʿAbbās and Muḥammad b. al-Ḥanafiyyah said, ‘This verse is for the righteous and wicked,’ meaning it is a command that encompasses everyone.]

        ________

        Like

    • Why the Quran is
      Not from Allah:
      10 Reasons

      Timeless… unchangeable… perfect?
      Mmm… maybe not.

      The Quran makes a lot of claims about itself. It says that it is the perfect and incorruptible revelation of God to man, and that it is so important that it has existed eternally on tablets in heaven.

      Critics claim that it is a badly-arranged collection of quotations from one man, passed off as the word of God to a gullible audience in a primitive society. When accused of being a madman, for example, Muhammad would go into his tent and then emerge with a pearl ‘from Allah’ like, “You (Muhammad) are not a madman” (68:2). The people would then take this as proof that he was not.

      Some Muslims say that the Quran would not be believed by so many today if it were not true. But belief does not make truth – particularly when it has to be shamelessly enforced with discrimination, maiming and death.

      In fact, most Muslims have never read the Quran, a book they (nonetheless) are willing to kill and die over. Their conviction is based on what they hear from other Muslims, particularly as they are growing up.

      An objective reader would almost certainly conclude that the Quran is less a product of divine origin than Muhammad’s imagination and the circumstances in which he found himself.

      Here are ten quick examples:

      #10

      Verse 27:91 reads “For me, I have been commanded to serve the Lord of this city.” If these are the words of Allah, then it would mean that someone is ‘commanding’ him to serve another god. The verse only makes sense if Muhammad is speaking from his own perspective.

      (This would also explain why “Allah” takes an oath to Allah in no fewer than seven other verses).

      #9

      Verse 5:3 says that the Islamic religion was “perfected” and “completed” on “this day”, yet 249 more verses follow it, including two additional Suras (9 and 110).

      Also, how could the Quran be eternal if there was a time when it was not completed?

      #8

      So much of the Quran is devoted to redundant claims and threats about Muhammad’s status as a prophet, yet there is not a single original moral value. Nowhere does it tell men not to rape women or refrain from sex with children. In fact, it gives men permission to rape their slaves and implies that sex with children is permissible (verse 65:4).

      Wouldn’t a perfect book teach perfect morality?

      #7

      Despite being a relatively small book, the Quran contains unnecessary repitition. Moses is mentioned 136 times. Some passages of misquoted Bible stories are nearly word-for-word identical (eg. Suras 20 & 26).

      Why would God waste space saying essentially the same thing about something obscure when he could have offered clear moral principles about peace, tolerance (or sex with children)?

      #6

      The Quran confuses Mary the mother of Jesus with Mary the sister of Aaron (and Moses) in Sura 19.

      Despite tortured apologetics, the simplest and most obvious explanation is that Muhammad was mistaken. This would also explain why the Quran that he narrated erroneously states that Christians worship the Virgin Mary as a god (5:75, 5:116) when they never have.

      #5

      The Quran tells Muslim men that they may have sex with women captured as slaves. Even worse: the passage is repeated in four different places. By contrast, there is not a single verse that tells Muslims that they are to pray five times a day.

      #4

      The Quran says that it is “clear”, but then says elsewhere (3:7) that only Allah understands the meaning of some verses (which begs the question of why they are there). It says that it explains “all things” (16:89), but then tells Muslims to follow the example of Muhammad (33:21) – without saying what that is.

      In practical terms, it is impossible to understand the Quran without references to external sources such as the Hadith and Sira (usually laid out in voluminous footnotes). Yet these sources are often contradictory and almost never agreed on.

      Even in the Quran, devout Muslim scholars infer dramatically different meanings from the same verses. For example, most interpretations of 38:33 say that Solomon slashed at his own horses, severing their legs and necks. However, some contemporary translators, including one of the most respected (Yusuf Ali) say that Solomon really just passed his hand over their bodies in a loving way.

      More alarming (and unfortunately more typical) are verses like 5:33, which mandates crucifying those who “wage war on Allah”… without really explaining what this means.

      #3

      Unlike the Old Testament prophets, Muhammad narrated petty defenses of his claim as a prophet (and even his own sanity) that are remarkably redundant.

      For example, no fewer than 8 passages (83:13, 27:68, 46:17, 16:24, 6:25, 26:137, 25:5 and 23:83) say that “Allah’s messenger” is accused of repeating “tales of the ancients,” but that anyone who doesn’t believe him will burn in Hell. Why wouldn’t Allah just say it once and then use the remaining space for something more edifying?

      Isn’t this more of what one would expect from an overly-defensive poseur than from an eternal revelation of God to man?

      #2

      The Quran says that written copies of the Bible (Torah and Gospel) existed at the time of Muhammad (29:46, 3:3, 3:78) and a great many verses “confirm” that those copies are true (even if the Jews and Christians were later accused of misinterpreting them “with their tongues”). Parts of the Quran obviously rely on the Bible for completeness and many verses insist that the Word of God cannot be changed or corrupted.

      Here’s the problem:

      There are hundreds of New Testament manuscripts that pre-date the time of Muhammad, all discovered at different times and different places by different people. There are hundreds more of the Torah. All agree almost perfectly with the modern version of the Bible, which contradicts the Quran.

      At the same time, not a single copy or fragment of either the Torah or Gospel from any era has ever been found which deviates in a way that agrees with the Quran.

      How is that the “true” Bible – the one that supposedly confirms the Quran – never survived in any form, while so many “corrupted” copies did?

      Isn’t it more likely that Muhammad simply made it up as he went along and later accused Christians and Jews as a cover story for his own mistakes?

      #1

      As mentioned, despite being a small book, the Quran is supposed to be the timeless, unchangeable word of God. Why would God use precious and valuable space on the personal life of one man – the same one who happens to be narrating the “revelation”?

      Consider verse 33:53:
      O you who believe! Enter not the Prophet’s houses, except when leave is given to you for a meal, (and then) not (so early as) to wait for its preparation. But when you are invited, enter, and when you have taken your meal, disperse, without sitting for a talk. Verily, such (behaviour) annoys the Prophet, and he is shy of (asking) you (to go), but Allah is not shy of (telling you) the truth.
      That has to be immortalized on a tablet in heaven?

      Substantial portions of the Quran (particularly suras 33 and 66) are equally self-serving and address the sex, money or respect from his wives to which Muhammad is entitled. Moreover, several such passages are repetitive.

      Couldn’t Allah have thought of a more important message for mankind than telling us (several times over) that Muhammad may sleep with an unlimited number of women?

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    • Because it’s a joke. The clue is in the name for pity sake, can’t you read. Islam is everything to do with the Islamic State. Be it in Iraq, Syria or Levant. It is the purest, most fundamental and authentic form of islam in the world today. Taken straight from the scriptures. The new caliphate.

      We can cut and paste rubbish all day long. Best you go read Milestones (Ma’alim fi al-Tariq, or Ma’alim fi’l-tareeq) by the disgusting brotherhood villain Sayyid Qutb. Then tell me that IS is not islamic. You are such a ….

      Like

      • HAHAHA Sayyid Qutb is not even considered to be a scholar LMAO You just proved here how ignorant you are.

        Have fun!

        Like

      • Ho ho ho, no more cut and pastes from your magic book. A small step forward.

        Sayyid Qutb not a scholar, just shows how much you know about your own religion and it’s politics. The most influential islamist author and book for almost a century and you claim to dismiss it out of hand. The PDF is a free download for anyone wanting to know why muslims hate the western world and plan to convert all to islam by jihad. In that respect, Milestones is as informative as Mien Kampf.

        Now I see through your taqiyya ploy. Preaching islam is peaceful yet knowing full well why, when, how and where it is anything but. So dishonest of you. bye bye
        MI5, MI6 and Mossad are very likely watching. I hope.

        Like

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