London’s Poverty Profile: Worklessness by gender and country of birth
- There are big differences in work rates between Londoners born in different countries.
- Men and women born in Somalia are more likely to lack paid work than men and women born elsewhere.
- Men born in the UK are more likely to lack work than men living in London but born in France, the US and Australia (among others).
Working-age adults in London not in paid work by gender and country of birth
What does this graph show?
This graph shows the levels of worklessness among working age adults in London by gender and country of birth. It is ordered by the level of total worklessness among women.
Somali men and women have the highest rates of worklessness among all groups shown here. 87% of Somali women are not in paid work, seven percentage points higher than Bangladeshi women, which is the group with second highest levels of worklessness. 62% of Somali men are not in paid work, compared to no more than 33% among men born in other countries are workless.
The high worklessness rate among Somalis maybe one of the reasons for the higher worklessness rate among Black Africans, as shown in the indicator on worklessness by ethnicity. With the exception of Somalis, worklessness rates among other Black African nationalities are quite close to the average; in fact Kenyan men are less likely to be workless than average.
Research by IPPR suggests that these low rates of employment arise because most Somalis arrive in the UK via refugee and asylum routes, rather than via established labour market routes. This is true, but to a lesser extent, of some other groups in the graph.